Consalvi, Ercole

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Consalvi, Ercole

(ārkô`lā kōnsäl`vē), 1757–1824, Italian cardinal and papal diplomat. In his first term (1800–1806) as secretary of state for Pope Pius VII he negotiated the Concordat of 1801Concordat of 1801,
agreement between Napoleon Bonaparte and Pope Pius VII that reestablished the Roman Catholic Church in France. Napoleon took the initiative in negotiating this agreement; he recognized that reconciliation with the church was politic.
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 with Napoleon Bonaparte (later Emperor Napoleon I). Despite Consalvi's astute diplomacy, Napoleon annexed the papal states in 1809. Consalvi was compelled to go to Paris, where his refusal to attend Napoleon's second marriage (1809) resulted in exile at Reims. Reinstated as secretary of state after Napoleon's second abdication (1814), Consalvi vainly struggled against reactionary elements to reform the administration of the Papal States.
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10) Notable alumni of this academy were as follows: Carlo Rezzonico who would become Pope Clement XIII (1758-1769); Cardinal Ercole Consalvi who skillfully represented Pope Pius VII at the Congress of Vienna in 1815; Annibale Della Genga, later Pope Leo XII (1823-1829); Gioacchino Pecci, the future Pope Leo XIII (1878-1903); Cardinal Merry Del Val, who would serve as Secretary of State under Pope St.
I greatly admire Ercole Consalvi, not least because he was a great friend of Cardinal Henry Stuart who, had it not been for Parliament insisting on a Protestant succession, would have been King Henry IX of England.
Cardinal Ercole Consalvi, a leading papal statesman, retorted, "He will never succeed.