Erdkunde

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Erdkunde

 

(in Russian, zemlevedenie —an abbreviated term for general geography), a branch of physical geography, studying the most general characteristics of the composition, structure, and development of the geographic envelope of the earth. The Russian term is sometimes used as a shorthand designation for disciplines dealing with the earth as a planet (for example, geography, geophysics, and geology). The term Erdkunde was introduced to scientific literature by the German geographer K. Ritter, who used it in a sense indicating the study of countries.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in classic literature ?
Malte-Brun"); and a searching essay in the Zeitschrift fur Allgemeine Erdkunde, by Dr.
Bonine, "Islam and Commerce: Waqf and the Bazaar of Yazd, Iran," Erdkunde 41 (1987): 182-96, esp.
Richter, "Using epiphytes and soil temperatures for eco-climatic interpretations in southern Ecuador," Erdkunde, vol.
Lauer, "Die Niederschlagsjahreszeiten in Ecuador und ihreklimadynamische Interpretation," Erdkunde, vol.
De Haan, "The Livelihood Approach: A Critical Exploration," Erdkunde 66, no.
Zeitschrift fur Allgemeine Erdkunde, Neue Folge 3: 377-410.
Ritter's Erdkunde (1817), in particular, had impressed Hegel.