Eremeev, Konstantin

Eremeev, Konstantin Stepanovich


(literary pseudonyms: Gudok, Gudok-Eremeev, and others). Born June 6, 1874; died Jan. 28, 1931. Soviet party and military figure, journalist. Became a member of the Communist Party in 1896. Son of a peasant.

Eremeev was a worker. He was persecuted for revolutionary activity and left Russia. In 1910 he joined the editorial staff of Zvezda and in 1912 of Pravda; in 1915 he edited the magazine Voprosy strakhovaniia (Problems of Insurance). He worked in the North Baltic Organization of the Bolsheviks. After the February Revolution of 1917 he was a member of the Bureau of the Central Committee of the RSDLP. During the October armed uprising he was a member of the Petrograd Military Revolutionary Committee and served on its field staff. He led the storming of the Winter Palace in the Troitskii Bridge-Sinii Bridge sector on the Moika and was involved in putting down the cadet and Kerensky-Krasnov revolts. In December 1917 he became commander of the troops of the Petrograd Military District, and in 1918 he took part in crushing the revolt of the “left” Socialist Revolutionaries in Moscow.

From 1919 to 1922, Eremeev was plenipotentiary of the All-Russian Central Executive Committee and the Central Committee of the RCP (Bolshevik) for Red Army mobilization. He was one of the organizers of Gosizdat (the State Publishing House), editor of Rabochaia gazeta, and first editor of the magazine Krokodil (1922–28), as well as editor of other publications. In 1923 he became a member of the Military Council of the Baltic Fleet, in 1924 a member of the Revolutionary Military Council of the USSR, and in 1925 chief of the Political Directorate of the Baltic Fleet. At the Thirteenth Congress of the RCP(B) in 1924 he was elected to its Central Control Committee; he was also a delegate to the Fourteenth Congress of the ACP(Bolshevik). From 1926 to 1929 he was Soviet merchant marine representative in France, and from 1929 to 1931 he edited the magazine Krasnaia niva (Red Wheat Field). He wrote several works on the October Revolution and the Civil War and was a member of the Union of Soviet Writers. Eremeev is buried in the Marsovo Pole in Leningrad.


Perezhitoe: Povesti i rasskazy. Petrozavodsk, 1964.


Bol’shevik-pravdist: Vospominaniia o K. S. Eremeeve. Moscow, 1965.
Kondrat’ev, F. G. K. Eremeev. Petrozavodsk, 1964.