Erethizontidae


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Erethizontidae

[‚er·ə·thə′zänt·ə‚dē]
(vertebrate zoology)
The New World porcupines, a family of rodents characterized by sharply pointed, erectile hairs and four functional digits.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Erethizontidae

 

(New World porcupines), a family of mammals of the order Rodentia. The body length measures 30–86 cm and the tail length, 7–45 cm. The animals can weigh up to 18 kg. The body is massive with a thick covering of hair that turns into bristles on the tail. There are sharp spines, measuring 2.5–11 cm long, among the hairs on the back of the body and on the tail. The claws are long and sharp.

There are four genera comprising approximately 20 species. The Erethizontidae are widely distributed in North and Central America and in northern South America. They live mainly in trees, feeding on leaves, pine needles, shoots, bark, and seeds. They tend to settle in the clefts of cliffs and in hollows and are primarily nocturnal animals. When attacked by an enemy, they beat strongly with their tails (at which time the barbed spines are driven into the attacker’s body, causing painful, inflamed wounds). The young are born with their eyes open and with a developed coat of hair, and they can climb trees.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Familia Erethizontidae Coendou mexicanus Rara X Familia Cuniculidae Cuniculus paca Comun X X X Familia Dasyproctidae Dasyprocta punctata Comun X X Familia Echimydae Hoplomys gymnurus No registrada Proechimys semispinosus No registrada ORDEN LAGOMORPHA Familia Leporidae Sylvilagus dicei Comun X X X X X TOTAL 62 40 38 20 16 19 APENDICE 3
Aporte sobre la taxonomia y distribucion de los puercoespines (Rodentia: Erethizontidae) en Colombia.
M., 1999.- Aporte sobre la taxonomia y distribucion de los puercoespines (Rodentia: Erethizontidae) en Colombia.
Revisionary notes on Neotropical porcupines (Rodentia, Erethizontidae).
Functional Anatomy of the Limbs of Erethizontidae (Rodentia, Caviomorpha): Indicators of Locomotor Behavior in Miocene Porcupines.
New and noteworthy records of Rodentia (Erethizontidae, Sciuridae and Cricetidae) from Paraguay.
Familia Erethizontidae Bonaparte, 1845 Sphiggurus spinosus (F.
Se registraron tambien Coendou prehensilis (Erethizontidae), Dasyprocta punctata (Dasyproctidae) y Cavia aperea (Caviidae); estas especies son consideradas conspicuas en los cinco sitios de muestreos de la parte central del area de estudio.