Hawksbill Turtle

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Hawksbill Turtle

 

(Eretmochelys imbricata), a reptile of the family Chelonidae. The length of the shell is up to 85 cm. The dorsal shield is dark brown or chestnut colored with a yellow or rose design of spots and rays; the ventral shield is yellow.

The hawksbill turtle is found in all tropical and subtropical seas. It feeds on mollusks and fish, and partly on water plants. It leaves the water only during reproduction. Each year the female hawksbill turtles deposit more than 100 eggs on low sandy banks. The development lasts approximately 60 days. The horny shields which cover the hawksbill turtle’s shell (known as tortoiseshell) are highly valued and have long been an object of commerce. Hawksbill turtles are caught on the shore during reproduction, often before they can deposit their eggs. As a result of increased annihilation, the number of hawksbill turtles has decreased sharply. The flesh is not used as food.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Diving behavior of immature hawksbill turtles (Eretmochelys imbricata) in a Caribbean reef habitat.
Some digenetic trematodes from the Atlantic Hawksbill turtle, Eretmochelys imbricate imbricate (L.), from Puerto Rico.
Preliminary data on hawksbill turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata) bycatch in an artisanal gillnet used near Jaragua National Park, Dominican Republic.
It sponsored Latifa, the female Hawksbill turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata) in April, covering the costs for its satellite tag and monitoring.
The majority of the turtles that are getting stranded are critically endangered juvenile Hawksbill turtles (Eretmochelys imbricata) which have seen a decline of 87 per cent in the global number of nesting females in the last three generations, according to the International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN).
De estas especies, cinco usan el mar peruano en sus movimientos migratorios, como areas de forrajeo y posiblemente como habitat de desarrollo de individuos jovenes, y son: la tortuga laud o tortuga dorso de cuero Dermochelys coriacea (Vandelli, 1761), tortuga verde Chelonia mydas (Linnaeus, 1758), tortuga golfina o tortuga pico de loro Lepidochelys olivacea (Eschscholtz, 1829), tortuga carey Eretmochelys imbricata (Linnaeus, 1766) y tortuga cabezona Caretta caretta (Linnaeus, 1758) (Hays-Brown & Brown 1982).
The yellow-shouldered parrot (Amazona barbadensis), blue-headed conure (Aratinga acuticaudata neoxena) and the four species of marine turtles that nest on the island (Dermochelys coriacea, Chelonia mydas, Caretta caretta and Eretmochelys imbricata) have been the principal foci of research, management interventions, public awareness campaigns and environmental education programs.
These regulations include Turtle Exclusion Devices (commonly known as TED's) that protect sea turtles (Caretta caretta, Chelonia mydas, Dermochelys coriacea, Eretmochelys imbricata, and Lepidochelys kempii) from being caught in the nets, and Bycatch Reduction Devices (BRD's) that protect finfish.
Cuba submitted a proposal to downlist what it calls the "Cuban" population of hawksbill turtles (Eretmochelys imbricata) from Appendix I to Appendix II, annotated to allow a limited trade in turtle shell stocks with Japan.
(Chelonia mydas) and hawksbill sea turtles (Eretmochelys imbricata) have also been sighted in the province's waters.
Mixed-stock analysis reveals the migrations of juvenile hawksbill turtles (Eretmochelys imbricata) in the Caribbean Sea.