Hawksbill Turtle

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Related to Eretmochelys imbricata: Lepidochelys kempii, Lepidochelys olivacea

Hawksbill Turtle

 

(Eretmochelys imbricata), a reptile of the family Chelonidae. The length of the shell is up to 85 cm. The dorsal shield is dark brown or chestnut colored with a yellow or rose design of spots and rays; the ventral shield is yellow.

The hawksbill turtle is found in all tropical and subtropical seas. It feeds on mollusks and fish, and partly on water plants. It leaves the water only during reproduction. Each year the female hawksbill turtles deposit more than 100 eggs on low sandy banks. The development lasts approximately 60 days. The horny shields which cover the hawksbill turtle’s shell (known as tortoiseshell) are highly valued and have long been an object of commerce. Hawksbill turtles are caught on the shore during reproduction, often before they can deposit their eggs. As a result of increased annihilation, the number of hawksbill turtles has decreased sharply. The flesh is not used as food.

References in periodicals archive ?
The reef system at Bajo de Sico also serves as an important foraging and residential habitat for the endangered hawksbill turtle, Eretmochelys imbricata.
These regulations include Turtle Exclusion Devices (commonly known as TED's) that protect sea turtles (Caretta caretta, Chelonia mydas, Dermochelys coriacea, Eretmochelys imbricata, and Lepidochelys kempii) from being caught in the nets, and Bycatch Reduction Devices (BRD's) that protect finfish.
Common name Scientific name Catch Spiny lobster Panulirus argus <10 Hawksbill turtle Eretmochelys imbricata <10 Black durgon Melichthys niger <10 Yellow stingray Urolophus jamaicensis <10 Scrawled filefish Aluterus scriptus <10 Schoolmaster Lutjanus apodus <10 Sand tilefish Malacanthus plumieri <10 Snappers Lutjanus spp.