Eretria

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Eretria

(ĕrē`trēə), ancient city of Greece, in Euboea (now Évvoia), SE of Chalcis (now Khalkís), its rival. In the 7th and 6th cent. B.C., Eretria sent out many colonists to islands and coasts of the N Aegean. It supported (499 B.C.) the Ionian cities in the revolt against Persian control. In retaliation Darius I destroyed (490 B.C.) the city. Athens planted (c.445 B.C.) a colony there, which revolted in 411 with the rest of Euboea. Much later, after the second Delian League had been created, Eretria again revolted (349 B.C.). Excavations have uncovered the city walls, temple of Apollo, theater, and some public buildings.

Eretria

 

(Nea Psara), an ancient Greek city on the southwestern coast of the island of Euboea. Having reached a high level of development in the eighth and seventh centuries B.C., Eretria founded colonies in Chalcidice, southern Italy, and Sicily. It was destroyed by the Persians in 490 B.C. for supporting the Ionian revolt, and its inhabitants were sold into slavery. After being rebuilt in 480 B.C. with the help of Athens, it joined the Delian League. After Greece was conquered by Rome in 146 B.C, Eretria was made part of the province of Macedonia.

Eretria

an ancient city in Greece, on the S coast of Euboea: founded as an Ionian colony; destroyed by the Persians in 490 bc following which it never regained its former significance
References in periodicals archive ?
With respect to applications of earths in medicine Pliny describes Samian earth (two types: kollyrion--fresh and soft, aster--lumpy and white, both types are heated and washed), Eretrian earth (two types: white and ash-grey, tested with respect to softness), Chian earth (white, medical properties similar to Samian earth), earth from Selinus (milky-white and easily dissolved in water, with milk used for wall coatings), pnigitis (very similar to Eretrian earth, but occurring in larger lumps, sticky, with properties like Cimolian earth, but weaker) and ampelitis (similar to asphalt, soluble in wax and oil, while retaining its dark color; as a medicament softening and dividing, also used for colouring hair).
His father had died while in the process of preparing a second army to invade the Greek mainland, leaving to his son the task of punishing the Athenians, Naxians, and Eretrians for their interference in the Ionian Revolt and their victory over the Persians at Marathon.
That the ensuing war was not between the 'Greeks and the Persians', but between Persia and the two Greek communities of Athens and the Eretrians in Euboea, (22) can be surmised from the response of the Greeks to Persia's approach against them.
lt;<Scopelianus and the Eretrians in Cissia>>, Atheaneum, 52, 1974, pp.