(2016) Recent Developments in the Use of Sodium Bicarbonate as an Ergogenic Aid
. Current Sports Medicine Reports 15(4), 233-244.
Oftentimes nutrient supplementation and ergogenic aids
(caffeine, sports drinks, or illegal substances) are also consumed regularly to enhance performance during high intensity exercise.
Positive and Negative Placebo Effects Resulting From the Deceptive Administration of an Ergogenic Aid
. International Journal of Sport Nutrition & Exercise Metabolism, 77(3), 259-270.
The use of supplements as ergogenic aids
is common among endurance athletes.
For all respondents, 61.7% reported using dietary supplements or ergogenic aids
(e.g., vitamins and minerals (85.1%), omega-3 fatty acids (46.8%), and protein or amino acid powder (42.6%)).
Once the basic needs of the athlete are addressed (i.e., sports--specific training, caloric needs, and lifestyle optimization), then the athlete and associated team will be in a better position to determine appropriate supplemental ergogenic aids
. Part 3 of this article briefly details specifics on the known natural ergogenic aids
, most of which are deemed unbanned by athletic organizations, and then lists banned substances in international sports competition.
Anabolic steroids and ergogenic aid
. American family physician.
Caffeine in the form of tea or coffee is ineffective as an ergogenic aid
, however pure forms of caffeine have demonstrated improvements in performance.
(1.) Alvares TS, Meirelles CM, Bhambhani YN, Paschoalin VM, Gomes PS (2011) L-Arginine as a potential ergogenic aid
in healthy subjects.
Creatine is a popular nonprescription ergogenic aid
. An ergogenic aid
is a drug, supplement or other substance used to enhance athletic performance.
Effect of caffeine on the neuromuscular system--potential as an ergogenic aid
. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab 2008; 33: 1284-9.
CoQ10 has been suggested for use as an ergogenic aid
. (5), (6) Prevention and treatment of cardiovascular disease and blood lipid profile: CoQ10 has profound positive effects on both the heart and the vascular system.