Erianthus


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Erianthus

 

a genus of perennial plants of the family Gramineae. The plants are mostly tall herbs with large panicled inflorescences. There are about 25 species, distributed in the Mediterranean region and in the subtropical and tropical belts of Asia and the Americas. The USSR has one species, Ravenna grass (E. ravennae, previously E. purpurascens), a mat-forming plant measuring as much as 3 m in height. The plant grows in the Caucasus and Middle Asia; it occurs mostly in river valleys, where it frequently forms a dense cover over vast land areas. The stems and leaves are used by the local population as fuel and to make baskets, mats, ropes, and roofs.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Analysis of disequilibrium hybridization in hybrid and backcross progenies of Saccharum officinarum x Erianthus arundinaceus.
Tanaoceroidea 5 Tanaoceridae Tanaocerus Proscopioidea 6 Proscopiidae * Orienscopia 7 # Paraproscopia 8 Stiphra Eumastacoidea 9 Chorotypidae Erianthinae Erianthus 10 Eruciinae Erucius 11 Episactidae Espagnolinae Antillacris 12 Espagnolopsis 13 Espagnolina 14 Tainacris 15 Episactinae Episactus 16 Eumastacidae Eumastacinae Eumastax 17 [section]Homeomastax 18 H.
Thirty genotypes, representing three genera namely Saccharum, Miscanthus, and Erianthus were used in the study (Table 1).
The single Erianthus (Kalingpong) and Miscanthus genotypes were each placed distinctly in the dendrogram, supporting the taxonomic evidence which assigned each of them to a separate genus (Daniels et al., 1975).
Excluding the open Erianthus sites, mean basal area for the bottomland Oak Flats (28 [m.sup.2]/ha, Table 1) was similar to the 29 [m.sup.2]/ha reported on equivalent sites from the Big Thicket (Marks & Harcombe 1981), but was lower than that reported from other southeastern bottomland forests (Robertson et al.
AFLP analysis of the phenetic organization and genetic diversity in the sugarcane complex, Saccharum and Erianthus. Genet.
Sin.: Erianthus trinii (Hack.) Hack., Erianthus saccharoides var.
The species exhibited comparatively low prevalence were Circium arvense, Dactyloctenium aegyptium, Erianthus munja, Polygonum barbatum, Rumex nepalensis and Datura alba (40% each) (Table 1).
Identification and characterization of sugarcane intergeneric hybrids, Saccharum officinarum x Erianthus arundinaceus, with molecular markers and DNA in situ hybridization.
and Erianthus spp.), coffee (Coffea spp.) and tobacco (Nicotiana spp.), as well as a few aromatic and parasitic species.
Ribosomal DNA variations in Erianthus, a wild sugarcane relative (Andropogoneae-Saccharinae) Theor.