Ericaceae


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Ericaceae

[‚er·ə′kās·ē‚ē]
(botany)
A large family of dicotyledonous plants in the order Ericales distinguished by having twice as many stamens as corolla lobes.

Ericaceae

 

a family of dicotyledonous plants comprising low evergreen shrubs or (rarely) semishrubs, lianas, and trees. Leaves are usually alternate; flowers are bisexual and sometimes single, although more often formed in umbellate, racemic, or panicular inflorescences. There are four or five each of sepals and petals—rarely, the number is as high as eight each. The corolla is usually brightly colored, and the fruit is boll-like or drupelike. There are about 50 genera and 1,750 species inhabiting both hemispheres, from the arctic deserts to the tropics. In the USSR, 21 genera and over 50 species are found. There are some ornamentals (such as species of rhododendron, erica, and the strawberry tree). Among the wild Ericaceae, the most widespread are Korean rhododendron, heather, butterbur, and bearberry. Micorhiza often form on the roots of Ericaceae; for this reason the plants are able to grow on nitrogen-poor boggy or sandy soils. Sometimes the bilberry family is considered part of the Ericaceae family.

REFERENCES

Bush, E. A., and A. N. Poiarkova. “Vereskovye.” In Flora SSSR, vol. 18. Moscow-Leningrad, 1952.
Takhtadzhian, A. L. Sistema i filogeniia tsvetkovykh rastenii. Moscow-Leningrad, 1966.

M. E. KIRPICHNIKOV

References in periodicals archive ?
The purpose of this study is to investigate the phylogenetic relationship of subfamily Monotropoideae with family Ericaceae.
Bilberries or blueberries are the flowering plants of Ericaceae Vaccinium.
persimmon Robertson 1929; this study Ericaceae Vaccinium Cranberry Lee 1998 oxycoccos L.
Studies concerning the occurrence of mycorrhizae in epiphytes are few and only the Orchidaceae and Ericaceae families have been relatively well studied (Bermudes and Benzing, 1989; Lesica and Antibus, 1990; Dearnaley, 2007).
pungens forests within the Great Smoky Mountains National Park, soaked in deionized water, and filtered to obtain extracts that probably included water-soluble grayanotoxins, a potential allelochemical common in members of the Ericaceae.
Rhoddies belong to the plant family ericaceae and, with the azaleas, heathers and kalmia, require an acid soil.
Azalea is a plant which belongs to family of Ericaceae and genus of Rhododendron.
Dominant families were Euphorbiaceae, Clusiaceae, Cunoniaceae, Rubiaceae, Humiriaceae, and Ericaceae.
5 m above the ground from the branches of a bush belonging to the family Ericaceae, and was approximately 55 cm long (Fig.
Large families are the Rosaceae (63 taxa), Ericaceae (36), and Fagaceae and Caprifoliaceae (24 each).