Ericaceae


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Ericaceae

[‚er·ə′kās·ē‚ē]
(botany)
A large family of dicotyledonous plants in the order Ericales distinguished by having twice as many stamens as corolla lobes.

Ericaceae

 

a family of dicotyledonous plants comprising low evergreen shrubs or (rarely) semishrubs, lianas, and trees. Leaves are usually alternate; flowers are bisexual and sometimes single, although more often formed in umbellate, racemic, or panicular inflorescences. There are four or five each of sepals and petals—rarely, the number is as high as eight each. The corolla is usually brightly colored, and the fruit is boll-like or drupelike. There are about 50 genera and 1,750 species inhabiting both hemispheres, from the arctic deserts to the tropics. In the USSR, 21 genera and over 50 species are found. There are some ornamentals (such as species of rhododendron, erica, and the strawberry tree). Among the wild Ericaceae, the most widespread are Korean rhododendron, heather, butterbur, and bearberry. Micorhiza often form on the roots of Ericaceae; for this reason the plants are able to grow on nitrogen-poor boggy or sandy soils. Sometimes the bilberry family is considered part of the Ericaceae family.

REFERENCES

Bush, E. A., and A. N. Poiarkova. “Vereskovye.” In Flora SSSR, vol. 18. Moscow-Leningrad, 1952.
Takhtadzhian, A. L. Sistema i filogeniia tsvetkovykh rastenii. Moscow-Leningrad, 1966.

M. E. KIRPICHNIKOV

References in periodicals archive ?
El conjunto arbustivo se caracteriza por la ausencia de Ericaceae y por la expansion de Juniperus y Cistaceae, al tiempo que en el conjunto herbaceo dominan los taxones estepicos, asociados a una perdida de diversidad.
However most dicotyledonous herbaceous plants are pollinated by insects, as are some small trees and many shrubs, such as willows (Salix), wild roses (Rosa, Rosaceae), white beams (Sorbus, Rosaceae), cherries and other stone fruits (Prunus), and heathers (Erica, Ericaceae).
The pollen of Ericaceae dominated the atmosphere of Annaba from the 1st week of March to the 3rd week of May.
We declare to whom correspond that we assume any responsibility about any process realized during the development of the research entitled Rhododendron simsii (Ericaceae) Planch.
Such cases were reported from Ericaceae (personal observation), Polemoniaceae (Grant & Grant, 1965; Mabberley, 2000), Gentianaceae (Thiv & Kadereit, 2002a), Rubiaceae (Robbrecht, 1988), Boraginaceae (Taroda & Gibbs, 1986), Convolvulaceae (Wagner, 1989; Deroin, 1996), and Solanaceae (Robyns, 1930; Hunziker, 2001).
(Ericaceae) constituye un importante componente en algunos bosques templados del Hemisferio Norte.
O mirtileiro e uma planta arbustiva de pequeno porte pertencente a familia Ericaceae. E uma frutifera de clima temperado nativa dos Estados Unidos e Canada.
A grassland and shrubland mosaic offers also Ericaceae leaves and fruit to growing chicks, which progressively integrate more vegetative items into their diet (Ponce 1992, Wegge & Kastdalen 2008).
In a 4-week randomized placebo-controlled clinical trial we investigated the effect of 300 mg Blueberin, a phytomedicine containing 250 mg Blueberry leaves (Vaccinium arctostaphylos L, Ericaceae) extract providing minimum 50 mg 3,4-caffeoylquinic (chlorogenic) acid, and 50 mg myricetin, on fasting plasma glucose, alanine aminotransferases (ALT), aspartate aminotransferases (AST), glutamyltransferase (GGT) enzymes levels, and serum inflammatory C-Reactive proteins (CRP) in forty-two volunteer subjects (46+/-15 year of age, BMI 25+/-3 kgs/(m2)) diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes.