Erich Haenisch

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Haenisch, Erich


Born Aug. 27, 1880, in Berlin; died Dec. 21, 1966. German sinologue and specialist in Mongolian studies.

Haenisch was an instructor at the University of Berlin from 1912 to 1920 and a professor at the university from 1920 to 1924 and 1932 to 1945. He was a professor at the universities of Göttingen and Leipzig between 1925 and 1931. From 1947 to 1951, Haenisch was chairman of a department and director of the East Asian Seminar of the University of Munich. In 1951 he was designated professor emeritus. Haenisch’s research dealt primarily with bilingual Chinese-Mongolian texts and the history of China and Mongolia during the Mongol conquests.


Untersuchungen über das Yüan-ch’ao pishi. Leipzig, 1931.
Monghol un Niuca Tobca’an. Die geheime Geschichte der Mongolen, parts 1–2. Leipzig, 1937–39.
Die geheime Geschichte der Mongolen: Aus einer mongolischen Niederschrift des Jahres 1240 von der Insel Kode’e im Kerulen-Fluss. Leipzig, 1941.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In general, articles are cited by an author's surname plus date (e.g., Poppe 1967); editions and translations of the SH are referred to by the first letter or two of the editor's or translator's surname (e.g., H is Erich Haenisch's edition of the SH text, Ha his translation); and monographs are given in all-caps letter-sequence reflecting their title (GWM is Nicholas Poppe's Grammar of Written Mongolian).
His successor from 1925 to 1931 was Erich Haenisch (1880-1966); in addition, Eduard Erkes (1891-1958) served as supernumerary professor from 1928 to 1933--that is, until the Nazi regime dismissed him from the university.
It rightfully adds the author's name to the small but very fine group of scholars who wrote--and continue to write--in German on Classical Chinese: Georg von der Gabelentz's (1840-1893) monumental Chinesische Grammatik mit Ausschluss des niederen Stiles und der heutigen Umgangssprache (1881) is still a first-rate reference work, and Erich Haenisch's (1880-1966) Lehrgang der chinesischen Schriftsprache (1931; later reprinted as Lehrgang der klassischen chinesis chen Schriftsprache) served students through most of the century.
Not exactly a warm welcome, it compared most unfavorably with those which, in 1937 and 1938, I had experienced in Berlin from, respectively, Erich Haenisch and Otto Franke.