Erich Raeder


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Raeder, Erich

 

Born Apr. 24, 1876, in Wandsbek, near Hamburg; died Nov. 6, 1960, in Kiel. Naval officer in fascist Germany, admiral of the fleet (1939).

Raeder joined the navy in 1894. During World War I he took command of a cruiser in 1917. He was chief of the naval staff from 1928 and commander in chief of the navy from 1935 to 1943. Raeder advocated the creation of a powerful navy and the conduct of unlimited submarine warfare. He urged that Great Britain be totally defeated before beginning the aggression against the USSR. Raeder retired in 1943. In 1946 he was sentenced to life imprisonment by the Nuremberg International Tribunal. He was released in 1955.

WORKS

Der Kreuzerkrieg in den ausländischen Gewässern, vols. 1–3. Berlin, 1922–27.
Mein Leben, vols. 1–2. Tübingen, 1956–57.
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Among the luminaries were General Dietrich von Choltitz, the commanding officer of Nazi-occupied Paris who refused Hitler's orders to burn the city; Grand Admiral Erich Raeder, who as Commander-in-Chief of the German Navy until 1943, was responsible for the policy of the unrestricted U-boat warfare; and General Jurgen von Arnim, the prize of the North Africa Campaign.