Erie

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Erie

(ĭr`ē), indigenous people of North America of the Iroquoian branch of the Hokan-Siouan linguistic stock (see Native American languagesNative American languages,
languages of the native peoples of the Western Hemisphere and their descendants. A number of the Native American languages that were spoken at the time of the European arrival in the New World in the late 15th cent.
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). In the Iroquoian language the word erie means "long tail" (i.e., cat), and, therefore, the Erie were referred to as the Cat Nation. In the 17th cent. they inhabited the region E and SE of Lake Erie in the present states of New York, Pennsylvania, and Ohio. They then numbered some 14,000. Although they were sedentary farmers of the Eastern Woodlands area, they exhibited some Southeastern cultural traits, such as the use of poisoned arrows and the building of palisaded villages. They were traditional enemies of the Iroquois ConfederacyIroquois Confederacy
or Iroquois League
, North American confederation of indigenous peoples, initially comprising the Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga, and Seneca; the native name for the confederated peoples is the Haudenosaunee.
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, and in 1656, after one of the most relentless and destructive Indian warsIndian wars,
in American history, general term referring to the series of conflicts between Europeans and their descendants and the indigenous peoples of North America. Early Conflicts
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, the Erie were almost exterminated by the Iroquois. The surviving captives were either adopted or enslaved by the confederacy.

Erie,

city (1990 pop. 108,718), seat of Erie co., NW Pa., on Lake Erie; inc. as a city 1851. Pennsylvania's only port on the Great Lakes, Erie is a busy shipping point for coal, iron ore, grain, petroleum, machinery, and lumber. Its manufactures include hospital equipment; locomotives; paper, food, plastic, and wood products; and industrial heaters. Fort Presque Isle was built in 1753 by the French, occupied and rebuilt in 1760 by the English, and destroyed during Pontiac's RebellionPontiac's Rebellion,
 Pontiac's Conspiracy,
or Pontiac's War,
1763–66, Native American uprising against the British just after the close of the French and Indian Wars, so called after one of its leaders, Pontiac.
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 in 1763. A peace conference between the British and Native Americans was held in 1764, but the town was not laid out until 1795. Oliver Hazard PerryPerry, Oliver Hazard,
1785–1819, American naval officer, b. South Kingstown, R.I.; brother of Matthew Calbraith Perry. Appointed a midshipman in 1799, he served in the Tripolitan War, was promoted to lieutenant (1807), and from 1807 to 1809 was engaged in building gunboats.
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's fleet was launched at Crystal Point before his victory over the British during the battle of Lake Erie in 1813. Gannon Univ., Mercyhurst College, Villa Maria College, and a branch of Pennsylvania State Univ. are in the city. Many historic buildings remain in Erie; nearby are Presque Isle State Park and a gambling casino and racetrack.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Erie

 

a city in the northeastern United States, in the state of Pennsylvania. Population, 123,000 (1975; with suburbs, 270,000). A port on Lake Erie, Erie is a shipping point for coal, iron ore, petroleum, timber, and grain. Industry employed 49,000 people in 1975. The principal industries include metalworking, machine building, food processing, and ferrous metallurgy. The city also has a chemical industry. Erie was founded in 1795 on the site of a French fort built in 1753.


Erie

 

a lake in North America; the southernmost of the Great Lakes. The northern part of the lake is in Canada, and the southern part in the United States. Lake Erie has an area of 52,700 sq km and a maximum depth of 64 m. It connects with Lake Huron by way of the St. Clair River (43 km long), Lake St. Clair, and the Detroit River (51 km long), which empties into Lake Erie. The Niagara River (54 km long) connects Lake Erie with Lake Ontario.

Lake Erie has high shores and a regular coastline. It is navigable. The Welland Canal, which has eight locks, bypasses Niagara Falls and connects Lake Erie with Lake Ontario. The system of the Niagara River and the Erie Canal connect Lake Erie with the Hudson River. The principal ports on the lake are Port Colborne in Canada and Toledo, Cleveland, and Buffalo in the United States. Lake Erie is eutrophic. Badly polluted by industrial and other wastes, it has a “dead zone” covering an area of 7,000 sq km.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Erie

1. Lake. a lake between the US and Canada: the southernmost and the shallowest of the Great Lakes; empties by the Niagara River into Lake Ontario. Area: 25 718 sq. km (9930 sq. miles)
2. a port in NW Pennsylvania, on Lake Erie. Pop.: 101 373 (2003 est.)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
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With snow falling at a rate of up to 3-inches per hour, the National Weather Service reported Erie, Pennsylvania, picked up 53 inches in a 30-hour period ending Tuesday morning.
One dump, the Erie County Landfill, became the focus of their study.
Professor Erie's thesis-he teaches political science at the University of California, San Diego-seems to be that the legends of how the Irish gained and exploited their political beachheads in America do not square with the facts.
In 2012 the Erie Art Museum and partners embarked on an ambitions community art project involving the installation of artist-designed bike racks throughout the City of Erie and surrounding areas by building on past successes with public art projects and a strong commitment to environmental sustainability.
Visitors are invited to end night at the Erie Art Museum for a brand new art experience, ARTafterDARK, an art party on the Museum's patio from 9-11 p.m.
An annual juried exhibition, the show features works from artists residing within 250-miles of Erie with pieces that have not previously exhibited in the Erie area.
Not only will people have a chance to participate in the artist meet and greet, but they also will have the opportunity to meet with artists from NYC and the Erie region who are a part of the museum's new exhibit, Exposed: Recent Gifts to the Photography Collection.