Erikson, Erik

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Erikson, Erik,

1902–94, American psychoanalyst, b. Germany. As a young man he traveled throughout Europe. He became a teacher in a Vienna private school and trained as a psychoanalyst (1927–33) under Anna FreudFreud, Anna
, 1895–1982, British psychoanalyst, b. Vienna, Austria. Continuing the work of her father, Sigmund Freud, she was a pioneer in the psychoanalysis of children.
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, specializing in child psychology. After emigrating to the United States in 1933, Erikson taught at Harvard (1933–36; 1960–70) and engaged in a variety of clinical work, widening the scope of psychoanalytic theory to take greater account of social, cultural, and other environmental factors. In his most influential work, Childhood and Society (1950), he divided the human life cycle into eight psychosocial stages of development. His psychohistorical studies, Young Man Luther (1958) and Gandhi's Truth (1969; Pulitzer Prize, National Book Award), explore the convergence of personal development and social history. His later works deal with ethical concerns in the modern world.


See biography by L. J. Friedman (1999).

References in periodicals archive ?
This is what Erik Erikson calls "pseudospeciation" in the process of the internal enemy construction.
Much of the research on adolescent identity formation began with the work of psychologist Erik Erikson (1968), who emphasized cultural identity as central to the formation of adolescent identity.
But one of the pioneers of research on identity politics is Erik Erikson.
The psychologist Erik Erikson coined the term "identity crisis.
95) appears in its second updated edition to offer a resource on foundational theories of major early childhood experts, from Jean Piaget to Erik Erikson.
Neo-Freudian, Erik Erikson (1950) was a pioneer in distinguishing identity as the key in adolescent personality development and as a critical move toward becoming a productive, contented adult.
During the elementary school years, when psychoanalyst Sigmund Freud and developmental psychologist Erik Erikson agreed children merrily should be free of sexual pressures, revering in mastery of new skills and friendships, girls are molded to see themselves as objects to be seen, measured, and judged.
With a perspective based on the work of psychoanalyst Erik Erikson, as a middle-aged adult (and I consider 60 the upper level of middle age), I face the challenge of extending outward from myself and generating ideas that assist in the development of the next generation.
The first chapter falls into two uneven halves: part on academic description of adolescence, in particular the ideas of Jean Piaget, John Coleman and Leo Hendry, Erik Erikson, James Marcia, and Arnold van Gennep; and part on fiction, including Alan Garner's Red Shift, Susan Cooper's King of Shadows, K.
Erik Erikson attributed much of the storm and stress associated with adolescence to the physical and emotional challenges that typically coincide with this stage in a person's life.
Extensive excerpts of Erik Erikson precede papers on the most internal, private, and potentially unconscious conflicts that comprise the fifth section.
Gougeon's major achievement in this book is to weld together the stubborn historical facts of Emerson's career as a reformer with the more modern but more general and theoretical mythic constructs of Campbell, Brown, Eliade, Neumann and sometimes Erik Erikson.