Erikson, Erik

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Erikson, Erik,

1902–94, American psychoanalyst, b. Germany. As a young man he traveled throughout Europe. He became a teacher in a Vienna private school and trained as a psychoanalyst (1927–33) under Anna FreudFreud, Anna
, 1895–1982, British psychoanalyst, b. Vienna, Austria. Continuing the work of her father, Sigmund Freud, she was a pioneer in the psychoanalysis of children.
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, specializing in child psychology. After emigrating to the United States in 1933, Erikson taught at Harvard (1933–36; 1960–70) and engaged in a variety of clinical work, widening the scope of psychoanalytic theory to take greater account of social, cultural, and other environmental factors. In his most influential work, Childhood and Society (1950), he divided the human life cycle into eight psychosocial stages of development. His psychohistorical studies, Young Man Luther (1958) and Gandhi's Truth (1969; Pulitzer Prize, National Book Award), explore the convergence of personal development and social history. His later works deal with ethical concerns in the modern world.


See biography by L. J. Friedman (1999).

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References in periodicals archive ?
PSYCHOLOGIST Erik Erikson said there's this stage in late adulthood when people undergo critical conflict in their life called integrity versus despair.
It draws on JordanAEs letters, interviews with family and friends, and the theories of individuals like Erik Erikson, James Fowler, Donald Capps, and Walter Brueggemann, and emphasizes the key experiences and influences in his early years as a foundation for JordanAEs adulthood.
Psychologist Erik Erikson proffered a psychoanalytic theory of psychosocial development made up of eight stages from infancy to adulthood.
According to Erik Erikson, a developmental psychologist, the main element preschools can build in children aged 1-6 is self-direction.
Erik Erikson became interested in her and counseled her family.
For instance, in a book about the young Martin Luther, Erik Erikson postulates that the religious leader's troubled relationship with his father is the source of his rebellion against the Catholic Church.
He has adopted what he describes as the Erik Erikson "Regeneration" model of living, seeking fulfillment in older age.
This is what Erik Erikson calls "pseudospeciation" in the process of the internal enemy construction.
Much of the research on adolescent identity formation began with the work of psychologist Erik Erikson (1968), who emphasized cultural identity as central to the formation of adolescent identity.
Adolescents grapple to find an identity during a stage of human development described by psychologist Erik Erikson. Those who don't succeed in feeling good about their role in society blame others and may hold a grudge against their community.
Erik Erikson on the other hand defines the term both in respect of the evolution of human beings in societies and also the psychological development of the individual.