Erik Satie

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Erik Satie
Éric Alfred Leslie Satie
BirthplaceHonfleur, France
Pianist, composer

Satie, Erik

(ārēk` sätē`), 1866–1925, French composer, studied at the Paris Conservatory; pupil of Vincent D'Indy and Albert Roussel at the Schola Cantorum. He early realized that the romantic Wagnerian style was incompatible with the expression of French sensibility, and he developed a restrained, abstract, and deceptively simple style. In such piano pieces as Sarabandes (1887) and Gymnopédies (1888) he anticipated some of the harmonic innovations of the impressionists Debussy and Ravel; but in later works such as Socrate (1918; a setting of Plato's Dialogues for four sopranos and chamber orchestra) he foreshadowed the neoclassicism of Stravinsky and others writing in the early 20th cent. An eccentric, Satie often concealed his serious artistic intent with droll humor, adding nonsense programs or facetious titles such as Three Pieces in the Shape of a Pear (1903). In 1918 there gathered around him a group of young composers—Honegger, Georges Auric, Louis Durey, and Germaine Tailleferre—who were united in the reaction against impressionism. They were joined in 1919 by Milhaud and Poulenc, and were called les six. A ballet, Les Mariés de la tour Eiffel (1921), which had music by all except Durey, was the one work in which the group collaborated. Jean Cocteau, their literary prophet, wrote the scenario.


See biographies by P. D. Templier (1932, repr. 1970), R. H. Myers (1948, repr. 1974), and J. Harding (1975).

References in periodicals archive ?
The Writings of Erik Satie (London: Eulenburg Books, 1980), 20-21.
All told, Erik Satie is a highly commendable study that deserves a place among the finest monographs on the composer, including the author's previous work (Erik Satie: Music, Art and Literature, ed.
Out of the three cases analyzed in detail, the final study on Erik Satie is the most cursory.
Bach, Antonio Vivaldi, Domenico Scarlatti, Luigi Boccherini, Ludwig van Beethoven, Frdric Chopin, Franz Schubert, Sergei Rachmaninoff, Claude Debussy, Erik Satie, Paul Hindemith, Arvo Prt, Forrest McDowell and Jeff Defty.
Tango even infiltrated the music of four classically trained composers: Erik Satie Darius Milhaud William Walton and Ernst Krenek.
Composed in the 1920s, when Erik Satie and Dadaist ideas about art were much in vogue, the opera lives on the borderline between childhood fantasy and campy surrealism.
Blackshaw claims to be influenced by South-Asian folk music and visionary classical composers such as Arvo Part and Erik Satie - he told an interviewer, "I do have an interest in religion and theology and, for lack of a better word, spirituality and metaphysics" - yet his sound is blissfully personal and inventive.
This question was posed in 1952 by Jean Roy, in a special number of the Revue musicale in 1952 entitled Erik Satie, son temps et ses amis.
The book begins with the artist's journey to Rome in February 1917 to spend two months working with Jean Cocteau, Erik Satie and Leonide Massine on Parade, his first ballet for Diaghilev.
She has produced six albums in as many years and counts Great Danes and Erik Satie among her influences.
Erik Satie (1866-1925) wrote mainly solo piano music, and most of his best material can easily fit on a single disc.
By the 1920s, these converts, now armed with a fresh reading of Aquinas, were reaching out to figures like the composers Erik Satie and Igor Stravinsky and avant-garde poets, novelists, dramatists, and essayists, many of them orbiting around the protean Jean Cocteau.