(redirected from Erlangga)
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



Born 1001; died 1049. King of the medieval state of Mataram on the island of Java.

In 1019, Airlangga ascended the throne of Mataram, and in 1022 he inherited the island of Bali from his father. By 1037 he had unified large parts of eastern and central Java. Known in the history of Indonesia as the “collector of Javan lands,” Airlangga claimed both temporal and divine power. Under his rule, Mataram became the dominant force in the central and eastern parts of the Malay Archipelago, although Srivijaya continued to predominate in the western part. An alliance was forged between the two states in 1035, when Airlangga took as his second wife a princess from Srivijaya. Airlangga encouraged the development of agriculture, trade, literature, and art, and he patronized Hinduism.

Shortly before his death, Airlangga divided his kingdom between his illegitimate sons. (Neither of his legal wives had borne him any children.) The two states thus formed were Djanggala and Kediri (Panjalu). Having divided his kingdom, Airlangga withdrew to an isolated monastery and became an ascetic.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
Biology 5th Edition, translated by Wasmen Wanalu (Erlangga, Jakarta).
(2003), "Adolescence: Perkembangan remaja", Jakarta: Erlangga.
The fame of the failure of the struggle of the people of the kingdom of Wengker in defending the attacks of the Erlangga army in 1035M, 200 years later the year 1235M (1157 Saka year) was made a warning against the resistance of the people of Wengker, which is described in the form of Reyog (Barongan and Dhadak Merak) figures.
Morlok, Pengantar Teknik and Perencanaan Transportasi, Jakarta, Erlangga, Indonesia, 1991.
ERLANGGA, Comparison of two-level preconditioners derived from deflation, domain decomposition and multigrid methods, J.
"Indonesia is the perfect environment for VICE," said Ardyan M Erlangga, Managing Editor, VICE Indonesia.
Indonesia boasts around 1,400 publishers, including Agromedia, Gramedia, Penebar, Erlangga, and Mizan, which have contributed to publishing 32,000 titles in 2014, based on Nielsen data.
Ekonomi Pembangunan di Dunia Ketiga, Terjemahan oleh Haris Munandar, Edisi ke tujuh, Erlangga, Jakarta.