Ermete Zacconi

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Ermete Zacconi
BirthplaceMontecchio Emilia, Italy
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Zacconi, Ermete


Born Sept. 14, 1857, in Montecchio, Reggio nell’Emilia; died Oct. 14, 1948, in Viareggio. Italian actor.

Zacconi made his stage debut as a child, performing with his parents. Over a period beginning in the 1880’s he held a leading position in troupes directed by G. Emmanuel, G. B. Marini, and V. Marini. Zacconi developed as an actor during the period when naturalism was established in the Western European theater. In order to understand the psychology of the “scientifically examined man,” he studied psychopathology, theories on the effects of heredity, and related subjects. He was able to reproduce exactly the clinical symptoms of an unhealthy psyche.

Zacconi’s most famous role was that of Oswald in Ibsen’s Ghosts. His repertoire also included the roles of Nikita in L. N. Tolstoy’s The Power of Darkness, Kusovkin in Turgenev’s The Boarder, and Corrado in Giacometti’s Civil Death.

Zacconi organized his own troupe in 1894. At E. Duse’s invitation, he performed with her troupe in 1899, 1901, and 1921. He performed in Paris in 1911 and 1921 with great success, and he made acting tours of Russia and the Soviet Union in 1898, in 1917 and 1918, and in 1922. Beginning in 1912, Zacconi appeared in motion pictures.


Papazian, V. Po teatram mira. Moscow-Leningrad, 1937.
Pardieri, G. Ermete Zacconi. Bologna, 1960.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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(4) Segundo Joao Roberto Faria (2001), outras celebridades europeias que visitaram o Rio de Janeiro foram, Le Bargy, Coquelin Aine, De Feraudy, Rejane, Suzanne Despres, Jane Hading, Adelaide Ristori, Tommaso Salvini, Ernesto Rossi, Adelaide Tessero, Clara Della Guardia, Giovanni Emmanuel, Ermete Novelli, Ermete Zacconi, Eduardo Brasao, Palmira Bastos, Adelina Abranches, Angela Pinto, Chabi Pinheiro e Cristiano de Sousa.
The first (1892) saw The Wild Duck essentially fail; in the second Ibsen gained ground with Ghosts only to lose some with Hedda Gabler and then finally establish himself as a force to be reckoned with thanks to a perceived greater verisimilitude in The Pillars of Society; and in the third and final phase (1893-94), the backlash began, in response to The Master Builder, Rosmersholm, and The Lady from the Sea, although star actor Ermete Zacconi, who had stunned audiences as Oswald in that triumphant Ghosts, then carried An Enemy of the People to success.
Also equally conceivably, Lorca may have retained an image of the Italian actor Ermete Zacconi's highly acclaimed performances at the Teatro Comedia and the Princesa or more recent productions by Ricardo Calvo, Jose Tallavi, Francisco Morano and Emilio Thuillier.
The real creators of the period were the actors: Antonio Morrocchesi, Luigi Vestri, Alamanno Morelli, and Gustavo Modena in the first part of the century; and later, Adelaide Ristori, Tommaso Salvini, Ernesto Rosso, Giovanni Grasso, Ermete Zacconi, Ermete Novelli, and Eleonora Duse.
Duse was famous for her more subdued acting style, in contrast to the more histrionic Bernhardt, (35) and particularly in contrast to Ermete Zacconi, the great Italian actor who played the role of Leonardo in the first Italian productions.