(118) Assigned for logistical support of RheinObung were two supply ships (Ermland and Spichern) and four (originally five) tankers (Lothringen, Belchen, Esso-Hamburg, and Friedrich Breme).
Naval Group Command West considered sending one supply ship (Ermland) during the night of May 26/27 to refuel Bismarck.
ports]) 2 reconnaissance ships (Gonzenheim, Kota Penang) 2 supply ships (Ermland, Spichern) 4 requisitioned tankers (Lothringen, Belchen, Esso-Hamburg, Friedrich Breme) 4 weather-observation fishing steamers (Freese, Munchen, August Wriest, Lauenberg) 2 mine breakers (Sperrbrecher 13, Sperrbrecher 31) 5th Minesweeper Flotilla (M-4, M-23, M-31, M-201, M-202, M-205, M-251, M-252, M-253) 6th Destroyer Flotilla (Z-23, Z-24, Hans Lody [Z 10], Friedrich Eckheldt [Z 16]) 5TH AIR FLEET, AIR LEADER STAVANGER 2 reconnaissance squadrons (1./F 120 [Ju-88s] Stavanger, 1./F 121 [Ju-88As]) 2 battle wings (KG 30 [Ju-88As] Eindhoven, KG 26 [He-111 Hs] Stavanger-Sola) 3RD AIR FLEET, AIR LEADER ATLANTIC 5 battle wings (1.
For one thing, the collection was dispersed from its original home in the archives of the bishops of Ermland
, so that relevant material is now found in forty-eight libraries in fifteen countries around Europe.
Zell incorporated Ermland
(Warmia) records of Prussian towns in this detailed and until then unaccomplished task.
What the earlier reports had not emphasized, however, was the colonization of the region by Catholic farmers from the neighboring Catholic district, Prussian Ermland. These farmers were purchasing land in the southern districts of East Prussia with financial aid from the Catholic Church.
Catholic farmers from neighboring Prussian Ermland were purchasing the abandoned farms with aid from the Catholic Church.
Colonization started in the thirteenth century, but intensified after 1466 when the knights lost a war with Poland and had to forfeit the Ermland and the lucrative Vistula Delta with its cities of Danzig, Elbing, and Thorn.
(88) In that cruise the German battle cruisers used radar to good advantage, managing to evade in heavy weather British ships that were not similarly equipped, but they also used two Dithmarschen-class trosschiffe, Ermland and Uckermark (formerly Altmark), to widen their search front.
The website German Naval History indicates diesel propulsion for Dithmarschen, Uckermark, and Franken while crediting steam propulsion for Nordmark and Ermland. It gives no data for Havelland ("Auxiliary Ships," www.german -navy.de/kriegsmarine/ships/auxships/index .html).
It seems likely that six different ships (Adria, Schlettstadt, Esso-Hamburg, Friedrich Breme, Ermland, and Uckermark) conducted a total of nine refueling operations at six different positions.