Ernest Bevin(redirected from Ernest Bevan)
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See biography by A. Bullock (3 vol., 1960–83).
Born Mar. 9,1881, in Winsford; died Apr. 14, 1951, in London. English political figure. One of the right-wing leaders of the Labour Party and of trade unions.
Bevin was an agricultural worker and chauffeur until 1909. From 1910 to 1921 he was one of the leaders of the Dockers’ Union. From 1922 to 1940 he was general secretary of the united Transport and General Workers’ Union. He was a member of the general council of the British Trades Union Congress from 1925 to 1940, and he served as its chairman in 1937. From 1940 to 1945 he was minister of labor and national service in W. Churchill’s coalition government. He was foreign secretary of C. Attlee’s Labour government from 1945 to 1951, with a foreign policy course that aimed at escalating the cold war and creating anti-Soviet military blocs. Bevin worked to implement the Marshall Plan, as well as the Brussels (1948) and North Atlantic (1949) pacts. He supported the policies of a divided Germany and a remilitarized West Germany.