Ernest Crosby

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Crosby, Ernest


Born Nov. 4, 1856, in New York; died Jan. 3, 1907, in Baltimore. American writer and political figure.

Crosby expounded L. N. Tolstoy’s ethical views in the USA, and in 1894 he visited lasnaia Poliana. Tolstoy’s essay on Shakespeare developed from his intended introduction to Crosby’s pamphlet Shakespeare’s Attitude Toward the Working Class (1903). Crosby was also the author of the pacifist satirical novel Captain Jinks, Hero (1902). His verse advocated nonviolence, denounced the capitalist world (”Civilization” and “The Spirit of the 19th Century”), and portrayed the future in the spirit of Christian socialism.


In Russian translation:
Tolstoi i ego zhizneponimanie. Moscow, 1909.
L. N. Tolstoi kak shkol’nyi uchitel’, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1908. [Correspondence With L. N. Tolstoy.] In Literaturnoe nasledstvo, vol. 75, book 1. Moscow, 1965. Pages 395–407.


Addresses in Memory of E. H. Crosby. Edited by H. Garland. New York, 1907.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
136; see also 'Letter to Ernest Howard Crosby,' translated by Aylmer Maude, in Tolstoy's Writings on Civil Disobedience and Non-violence (London: Peter Owen, 1968), pp.
1, and passim; see also 'Letter to Ernest Howard Crosby,' passim.
The letter by Tolstoy to Prieth does not belong in the category of "known to be unknown," but in the category of "unknown original of the known copy." A copy of this letter written January 30/February 12, 1907 in response to American journalist Benedict Prieth informing Tolstoy of the death of Ernest Howard Crosby, his older colleague and mentor, may be found in the seventh of Tolstoy's "copybooks" (leaf 253).