Jean-Louis-Ernest Meissonier

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Meissonier, Jean-Louis-Ernest

 

Born Feb. 21,1815, in Lyon; died Jan. 31, 1891, in Paris. French painter.

Meissonier studied in Paris with L. Cogniet. He became famous for his small historical genre paintings, most of which were inspired by 17th- and 18th-century France, as well as for his battle scenes (The Emperor at Solferino, 1863, the Louvre, Paris; and Friedland, 1807, 1875, the Metropolitan Museum, New York). Although conceptually they lack depth and reproduce primarily external appearances, Meissonier’s paintings are attractive for their intriguing subjects, painstaking re-creation of historical tableaux, and attention to detail. One of his few works on a contemporary theme, Barricade (1848, the Louvre), is devoted to the events of June 1848. Under the Second Empire (1852–70), Meissonier was Napoleon Ill’s favorite artist and the chief court authority on art.

REFERENCES

Bulgakov, F. Meison’e i egoproizvedeniia. St. Petersburg, 1907 [1908 on the cover].
Bénédite, L. Meissonier. Paris [1911].
References in periodicals archive ?
To be sure, the battle scenes and massing armies that here form the backdrop of several works recall French salon painting of military subjects--think Edouard Detaille or Ernest Meissonier.
The Terrible Year: War and Civil War 1870-1871 examines the devastating effects of France's defeat in the Franco-Prussian War and the ways in which the war and France's need for renewed national pride served as agents of cultural and artistic change; this section features paintings by Gustave Dore, Ernest Meissonier and Pierre Puvis du Chavannes.
This lecture will examine the contrasting styles, reputations and posthumous fortunes of two of the French art world's main protagonists during this period, Ernest Meissonier and Edouard Manet.
Rather, in tracing the verdict of the Parisian art world on the various kinds of art produced in the 1860s and 70s, King focuses his narrative on the careers of Edouard Manet and Ernest Meissonier.
To do this he contrasts the lives, works and reputations of Ernest Meissonier and Edouard Manet, the former the exacting painter whose works were greatly sought after, the latter, the revolutionary who seemed to flaunt all accepted criteria.
There are the classic canvases of academic painters like Alphonse de Neuville and Ernest Meissonier, often completed considerably later.
At the same time--being true to his nature--he also responded to the works of academicians such as Jean Louis Ernest Meissonier and Alfred Stevens.
6) It will be argued that the Societe Nationale des Beaux-Arts (henceforth the Nationale) and its leaders, but above all Ernest Meissonier, offered a solution to the century-long debate over whether the Salon should be an exhibition of the best productions of the French school or a venue for painters to sell their works.
The artist who would become the leading founder of the Nationale, Ernest Meissonier, had his own view of the problem of the French school and his ideas further influenced the formation of the Nationale Salon.
Ernest Meissonier was the epitome of the successful Salon genre painter.