To be sure, the battle scenes and massing armies that here form the backdrop of several works recall French salon painting of military subjects--think Edouard Detaille or Ernest Meissonier
. Their panoramic vistas embody the lachrymose chauvinism that developed in reaction to the rout of Napoleon's Grande Armee following the fiasco of his Russian campaign, a defeat that augured the trouncing of France by the Prussians in 1870.
Artists like Ernest Meissonier
and Isidore Pils chronicled the Emperor's military exploits, Jean-Leon Gerome conjured Orientalist themes reinforcing imperialist ambitions, while Jules Breton specialized in scenes of contented peasants.
This lecture will examine the contrasting styles, reputations and posthumous fortunes of two of the French art world's main protagonists during this period, Ernest Meissonier
and Edouard Manet.
Rather, in tracing the verdict of the Parisian art world on the various kinds of art produced in the 1860s and 70s, King focuses his narrative on the careers of Edouard Manet and Ernest Meissonier
. The book's thirty-eight short chapters often move back and forth between the two artists, the former cast as an unrepentant rebel, an innovator of new subjects and techniques of painting, and the object of vacillating critical and commercial fortunes, and the latter as the defender of institutional values and paragon of commercial success.
To do this he contrasts the lives, works and reputations of Ernest Meissonier
and Edouard Manet, the former the exacting painter whose works were greatly sought after, the latter, the revolutionary who seemed to flaunt all accepted criteria.
There are the classic canvases of academic painters like Alphonse de Neuville and Ernest Meissonier
, often completed considerably later.
And the results were, number one, Adolphe William Bouguereau; second, Jean-Louis Ernest Meissonier
; and, third, Leon Gerome.
At the same time--being true to his nature--he also responded to the works of academicians such as Jean Louis Ernest Meissonier
and Alfred Stevens.
Other well-known people who figure in Savatier's account are Maxime du Camp, Ernest Feydeau, the Goncourts, Champfleury, Delacroix, Sir Richard Wallace, Ernest Meissonier
, the Duc de Morny, Auguste Preault.
(6) It will be argued that the Societe Nationale des Beaux-Arts (henceforth the Nationale) and its leaders, but above all Ernest Meissonier, offered a solution to the century-long debate over whether the Salon should be an exhibition of the best productions of the French school or a venue for painters to sell their works.
The artist who would become the leading founder of the Nationale, Ernest Meissonier, had his own view of the problem of the French school and his ideas further influenced the formation of the Nationale Salon.
Hungerford, Constance Cain: Ernest Meissonier
, Master in his genre.