Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

(redirected from Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory)

Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

and

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory,

scientific research centers run by the Univ. of California, located in Berkeley, Calif., and Livermore, Calif., respectively. They are named for their founder, physicist Ernest O. LawrenceLawrence, Ernest Orlando,
1901–58, American physicist, b. Canton, S. Dak., grad. Univ. of South Dakota, 1922, Ph.D. Yale, 1925. Affiliated with the Univ. of California from 1928 onward, he became a professor in 1930 and director of its radiation laboratory in 1936.
..... Click the link for more information.
, who organized the Berkeley laboratory in the early 1930s and the Livermore laboratory in 1952. They are administered by the Univ. of California with funds provided by the U.S. Department of Energy. Formerly these two laboratories were run as a single research center known as the Lawrence Radiation Laboratory at Berkeley and Livermore.

At Lawrence Berkeley an international staff carries out fundamental research and graduate study in physics, nuclear chemistry, biology and medicine (more recently including genetic mapping), chemical biodynamics, and inorganic materials. Since most of the work is centered around the study of atomic nuclei, the greatest portion of research involves the use of four major particle accelerators. In 1971 research was also formally instituted there in environmental problems.

At Lawrence Livermore applied research is carried out on nuclear weaponry, peaceful uses of nuclear explosives, the effects of artificially produced radiation on living organisms, and controlled thermonuclear reactions. The laboratory maintains a test site for nuclear explosives near Las Vegas, Nev. Basic research, partly in support of the applied work, is conducted in chemistry, physics, biology, and computer sciences. Since the end of the cold war the research focus has increasingly diversified, with a shift toward environmental (global warming, climate simulation), energy, computer, laser, biomedical (genetic mapping), and chaos theory issues.

References in periodicals archive ?
In 2004, Quest Diagnostics co-exclusively licensed certain ion mobility patents for lipoprotein analysis from Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory ("Berkeley Lab") (Berkeley, C, and subsequently utilized the patent rights to develop its own test.
Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) engages in non-classified scientific research in Berkeley, CA.
Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory has been a leader in science and engineering technology for more than 65 years, serving as a powerful resource to meet national needs.
Quantum Dot Corp has three other exclusive, world-wide licenses from Massachusetts Institute of Technology, the Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and the University of Melbourne.
Quantum Dot Corporation announced today that it has obtained exclusive licenses on luminescent nanoparticles from Massachusetts Institute of Technology, the Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and the University of Melbourne.
principal investigator at Ernest Orlando Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, and colleagues, who reported in 1995 that they had created an array of 128 different superconducting materials on a silicon chip.