Ernest Renan

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Renan, Ernest

(ĕrnĕst` rənäN`), 1823–92, French historian and critic. He began training for the priesthood but renounced it in 1845. His first trip to Italy (1849) influenced his interest in antiquity but did not change most of his basic ideas, formed by 1848 when he wrote L'Avenir de la science (1890, tr. 1891). Relativistic, concerned with fundamental problems of human nature, he studied religion from a historical rather than a theological point of view. He wrote Histoire des origines du christianisme (8 vol., 1863–83; tr. The History of the Origins of Christianity, 5 vol., 1888–90), of which the first volume, Vie de Jésus, became his most widely known book, and the Histoire du peuple d'Israël (5 vol., 1887–93; tr. History of the People of Israel, 1888–96). In 1878 he was elected to the French Academy, and in 1883 he was made director of the Collège de France. Renan turned to creative writing in later years and, with irony and poetic style, composed Dialogues et fragments philosophiques (1876) and the much-discussed Drames philosophiques (1888). His subtle irony and beautiful prose are blended, sometimes whimsically, in the Souvenirs d'enfance et de jeunesse (1883; tr. Recollections of My Youth, 1883). Renan's influence was widespread.


See biographies by H. W. Wardman (1964) and R. M. Chadbourne (1968); studies by R. M. Chadbourne (1957) and V. V. Gaigalas (1972).

References in periodicals archive ?
His key protagonists, Edward Pusey and John Henry Newman, saw Anglican-Roman Catholic rapprochement as singularly important for defending Christianity from the continental secularism exemplified by Ernest Renan.
95--The orientalist, Ernest Renan, author of Averroes et l'averroisme, writing in 1852, noticed the similarity between Hegel's view of religion and that of the medieval Islamic scholar Ibn Rushd (1126-98), better known in the West as Averroes.
Borrowing from Ernest Renan, the late 19th century French philosopher and historian and author of What is a Nation?
Famously, in the historical speech of Ernest Renan, he said language can call us to unite.
Drawing on a wide range of critical theorists, such as Ernest Renan, Benedict Anderson, Ernest Gellner, Peter Berger, Emile Durkheim and Eric Hobsbawm, Ives is able to demonstrate how this relationship was shaped in large part by forces particular to early twentieth-century modernity: he argues that Zen support for the Imperial-Way was the result of "institutional self-interest, limited knowledge of the suffering the Japanese military was inflicting on other Asians, a traditional closeness to military leaders, indoctrination through the imperial education system, and by extension a good measure of patriotism as fully socialized Japanese citizens" (127).
In 1888, he arrived in Paris and came under the influence of French Orientalists like Ernest Renan and Professor James Darmesteter on Persiano-centricism.
As he was being elected to L'Academie francaise (the French Academy), philosopher and writer Ernest Renan, in his welcoming address, emphasized Pasteur's "ingenious fashion of interrogating nature.
The most representative French thinker of this anti-Islamic universalist trend was probably Ernest Renan who, in the famous lecture he gave at the Sorbonne University in March 1883, declared: "One only needs to know little about our times to clearly see the inferiority of Islamic countries today, the decline of nations ruled by Islam, the intellectual uselessness of races whose culture and education derive entirely from this religion" (8).
He added that the architectural and archeological studies due to be conducted on the building, which was partly mentioned by the Orientalist Ernest Renan in his book "The Phoenician Mission" in 1860, will directly contribute to understanding plenty of the Phoenician religious and funeral rituals and traditions.
Tra coloro che hanno rivisitato la figura di Giuda, Hale cita il tedesco Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock (1724-1803), con la sua opera Der Messias, e i francesi Ernest Renan (1823-1892), con Vie de Jesus, e Francois Mauriac (1885-1970), con un'opera che porta lo stesso nome di quella di Renan.
This conception of the nation is similar to the one that Ernest Renan proposed in 1882.
Ernest Renan and Philippe Berger, the edits of the first fascicle of the Cpus Inscriptionum Semiticarum (CIS), read the text [w]lh (CIS I, vol.