Ernst Röhm

(redirected from Ernest Rohm)
Ernst Röhm
Ernst Julius Günther Röhm
Birthday
BirthplaceMunich
Died
NationalityGerman
Occupation
Stabschef, Sturmabteilung (SA)
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Röhm, Ernst

 

Born Nov. 28, 1887, in Munich; died there June 30, 1934. One of the leaders of fascist Germany.

In 1919, while a Reichswehr officer in Munich, Röhm began collaborating with Hitler, whom he used as a secret informer. Röhm joined the National Socialist Party in the early 1920’s and directed the military training of the Storm Troops. He participated in the fascist putsch of 1923. Röhm was made chief of staff of the Storm Troops in 1931. After the establishment of the fascist dictatorship in 1933, he was appointed reichsminister. However, Röhm and his confederates tried to extend their power over the generals and turn the Storm Troops into the backbone of the newly created mass army. With Hitler’s sanction, Röhm was shot along with a group of other Storm Troop leaders during the purge known as the night of the long knives.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In the 1920s and early 1930s, Berlin, Germany was an "exceptional city" for homosexuals, with "people from around the world travel[ing] to Berlin to enjoy the freedom of this exciting atmosphere." Paragraph 175, the law against homosexuality, was so rarely enforced "activists were working to abolish Paragraph 175 altogether." With the rise of the Nazi party, however, freedom turned to fear, and despite the fact that Ernest Rohm, Hitler's most influential deputy and trusted friend, was widely known to be a homosexual, homosexual rights organizations were banned once Hitler was appointed Chancellor.
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