Shackleton, Sir Ernest Henry

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Shackleton, Sir Ernest Henry,

1874–1922, British antarctic explorer, b. Ireland. The first of his voyages to Antarctica was made as a member of the expedition (1901–4) of Robert F. ScottScott, Robert Falcon,
1868–1912, British naval officer and antarctic explorer. He commanded two noted expeditions to Antarctica. The first expedition (1901–4), in the Discovery,
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. Shackleton was invalided home in 1903, but the experience gained on the Scott expedition aided him greatly as commander of a south polar expedition (1907–9). In the course of this expedition Mt. ErebusErebus, Mount,
volcanic peak, 12,280 ft (3,743 m) high, on Ross Island, in the Ross Sea, E Antarctica. One of the loftiest volcanoes of the world, it was discovered in 1841 by the British explorer James C. Ross and named for one of his two ships.
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 was ascended, the south magnetic pole was located, and the polar plateau was crossed to a point less than 100 mi (160 km) from the South Pole. The scientific results of the expedition were of vast importance. Knighted in 1909, Shackleton published that year an account of his expedition, The Heart of the Antarctic.

As commander of a transantarctic expedition, he set out in 1914, planning to enter the Weddell Sea and cross on foot over the south polar region to the Ross Sea, a distance of c.2,000 mi (3,200 km). When his ship Endurance was crushed in the ice in Oct., 1915, he led his party some 180 mi (290 km) to safety at Elephant Island; from there Shackleton with five companions in a lifeboat made a voyage of c.800 mi (1,290 km) through wild seas, then crossed rugged, glaciated South Georgia Island to reach (May, 1916) a whaling station on its north coast. Shackleton rescued his Elephant Island party and later returned to the Weddell Sea to pick up others left there earlier in the expedition. His South (1919) is an account of the whole expedition. In 1921 Shackleton sailed on the Quest to study Enderby Land but died on ship and was buried on South Georgia Island.

Bibliography

See biography by R. Huntford (1985); C. Alexander, The Endurance (1998); E. J. Larson, An Empire of Ice (2011).

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The evening will mark the opening of a major exhibition "The Enduring Eye: the Antarctic Legacy of Sir Ernest Shackleton and Frank Hurley," which will be held at the RGS from the end of November 2015 to the end of February 2016.
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A REMARKABLE set of rare medals awarded to explorer Sir Ernest Shackleton for his Antarctic expeditions are up for auction.
Dermot O'Leary was Ernest Shackleton, Tess Daly squeezed into disco pants as Oliva Newton-John's Sandy from Grease, Sir Terry Wogan was singing cowboy Gene Autry, Rochelle Humes was Wonder Woman, Nick Grimshaw was rocker Liam and Sophie Ellis-Bextor was practically perfect as Mary Poppins.
1909: The magnetic South Pole was found by Ernest Shackleton (pictured).
The Crossing of Antarctica: Original Photographs from the Epic Journey comes almost a hundred years after Ernest Shackleton tried to cross the continent, uses unpublished images and rare materials and rare materials from the Lowe archives and images from the Fuchs family collection which join together here for the first time, and provides a fine survey of expedition experiences as they faced snow and hazards via dog sled and vehicles.
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Trial by Ice: A Photobiography of Sir Ernest Shackleton
Medals awarded to a heroic Scot who served with Antarctic explorer Ernest Shackleton have been sold for almost PS50,000.
What started out ostensibly as a 1914 scientific expedition quickly turned into a struggle for survival, as Sir Ernest Shackleton and his crew found themselves stranded in Antarctica without a surviving ship.
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Real deal CAPTAIN Scott's contemporary, the charismatic Anglo-Irish explorer Ernest Shackleton - known as The Boss - sledged with Scott on the Discovery expedition.

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