Ernesto Guevara


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Guevara, Ernesto

 

(full name, Guevara de la Serna; also called Che). Born June 14, 1928, in Rosario, Argentina; died Oct. 8 (?), 1967, near Higueras, Bolivia. Latin American revolutionary; one of the leaders of the Cuban Revolution of 1959; major.

The son of an architect, Guevara was a doctor by profession. During Perón’s rule he was forced to emigrate from Argentina (1952). Guevara met F. Castro Ruz in Mexico in 1955, and from that time he bound his life to the Cuban people’s struggle for freedom. In December 1956 he landed with a revolutionary detachment in Oriente Province, Cuba. In 1957 he was appointed commander of a partisan column. In December 1958, Guevara’s column liberated the province of Las Villas, inflicted a decisive defeat on the troops of the dictator Batista in the city of Santa Clara, and, with C. Cienfuegos’ column, victoriously entered Havana.

After the victory of the Cuban Revolution of 1959, Guevara actively participated in building socialism in Cuba. He was appointed chief of the garrison of the La Cabana fortress in Havana and director of the country’s Administration of Industrial Development. From November 1959 to February 1961 he was president of the National Bank of Cuba. In February 1961 he became minister of industry. Guevara was a leader of the July 26 Movement and later a member of the National Leadership of the United Party of the Socialist Revolution.

In April 1965, Guevara sent a letter to Castro on his decision to continue fighting in the revolutionary movement in some other country of the world, and he left Cuba. In November 1966 he arrived in Bolivia to organize the partisan movement. In October 1967 the partisan detachment he had created was surrounded and destroyed by government troops, who enjoyed extensive US support in this operation. Guevara was wounded, taken prisoner, and killed.

WORKS

El socialismo y el hombre en Cuba. Havana, 1965.
Obras, 1957-1967, vols. 1-2. Havana, 1970.
In Russian translation:
“Boliviiskii dnevnik.” Novoe vremia, 1968, no. 42, appendix.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Revisando viejas lecturas, me encuentro con la Carta que Ernesto Guevara envio a su amiga Tita Infante desde Mexico el 29 de noviembre de 1954, anos antes de convertirse en el Che, donde le decia con la agudeza que lo caracterizaba que ".
Housewife Maria Velazco, 47, helped Colombian friends living in Ernesto Guevara pack up their things.
El mismo Ernesto Guevara dejo sellada esa mision cuando sentencio juiciosamente: "No puede existir socialismo si en la conciencias no se opera un cambio que provoque una nueva actitud fraternal frente a la humanidad, tanto de indole individual, en la sociedad que construye o esta construyendo el socialismo, como de indole mundial en relacion con todos los pueblos que sufren la explotacion imperialista" (Subrayado nuestro).
Part one begins intriguingly with a flurry of time-jumps showing Ernesto Guevara at different times and places: Meeting Fidel Castro for the first time in Mexico in 1955, in Havana and at the United Nations in 1964, onboard a ship in 1956 heading to Cuba with Castro and 80 other revolutionaries who formed the core of their movement, and suffering from asthma in the jungle the following year.
El relato se basa en la visita que el grupo Mi Estrella dedica a Don Ernesto Guevara Lynch, el padre del Che.
For Ernesto Guevara," Anderson averred, "everything began with literature.
Considering film as poetic language that constructs significations, Salles uncovers Che Guevara's path to revolution with powerful metaphors of images and sounds, which make of the young Ernesto Guevara a hero out of his weaknesses.
This unique book is a travel diary that chronicles a trip through South America in 1952 by Ernesto Guevara, later known as Che, and his best friend, Alberto Granado.
Barrie (Descubriendo el Pais de Nunca Jamas), el compositor Cole Porter (De-Lovely), el cantante pop sesentero Bobby Darin (Beyond the Sea), el humanitario gerente de hotel Paul Rusesabagina (Hotel Rwanda), el tetraplejico y controversial gallego Ramon Sampedro (Mar adentro), el joven Ernesto Guevara (Diarios de motocicleta), Hitler en sus ultimos dias (The Downfall).
When a 23-year-old medical student named Ernesto Guevara de la Serna from Buenos Aires and his friend, a 29-year-old biochemist named Alberto Granado, began their trek across South America in 1952, they were thinking of little more than having some youthful adventures.
The choice of the Mexican Gael Garcia Bernal to play Ernesto Guevara is not unexpected.
El viaje de Alberto Granado y Ernesto Guevara en "La poderosa" por Sudamerica, encuentra en las composiciones de Santaolalla un excelente acompanamiento y ambientacion.