Ernst Fischer


Also found in: Wikipedia.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Fischer, Ernst

 

Born July 3, 1899, in Komotau, Austria-Hungary (present-day Chomutov, Czechoslovakia); died Aug. 1, 1972, in Deutschfeistritz, Austria. Austrian writer, literary scholar, and public figure.

Fischer was a member of the Social Democratic Party of Austria from 1920 to 1934. In 1934 he joined the Communist Party of Austria. That same year he emigrated; and from 1939 to 1945 he lived in the USSR, where he contributed to the radio and press under the pseudonym Peter Viden. The author of several works of fiction, he also wrote publicist, political, historical, and antifascist articles, as well as articles of literary and art criticism, which he published in the collections Art and Humanity (1949) and From Grillparzer to Kafka (1962).

In the mid-1960’s, Fischer propagandized revisionism in such works as Art and Coexistence (1966). Fischer was expelled from the Communist Party of Austria in 1969. He subsequently assumed an anti-communist and anti-Soviet position.

REFERENCES

Kosing, A. Ernst Fishersovremennyi marksist? Moscow, 1971.
Surovtsev, lu. Vlabirinte revizionizma. Moscow, 1972.

D. V. IGNATEV

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
Mentioned in ?
References in periodicals archive ?
Pubs and beer gardens in Germany are expecting a boost in sales during the European Championship, according to Ernst Fischer, the president of Germany's Hotel and Restaurant Association.
Between 1905 and the late 1920s Ludwig and Rosy Fischer assembled a striking and unusual collection of German Expressionist art, half of which was saved from the Nazis when one of their sons, Dr Ernst Fischer, fled Germany for the us in 1934; this collection was gifted to the museum upon the death of Dr Fischer's widow in 2009.
Particularly welcome, on the other hand, are the essays which give us studies of the institutions of the 'literary field': Hermann Haarmann (somewhat descriptive) on the first German writers' congress, Ernst Fischer (detailed and excellent) on the book market after 1945.
Shar Music has introduced the German-made Otto Ernst Fischer Double Bass, which accommodates any playing style from orchestral to jazz.
The answer lies in the fact that the Department of Ecology, IFF-Vienna, is headed by Marina Fischer-Kowalski, daughter of the great Austrian Marxist Ernst Fischer (author of MR Press title How to Read Karl Marx), and herself one of the world's most renowned environmental sociologists.
Many of the protagonists in the debate are major international figures - Ernst Fischer, Arnold Zweig, Walter Felsenstein, Johannes R.
To take these in order, then: I can certainly still summon the thrill I felt when reading An Opposing Man, the memoirs of the Austrian Communist Ernst Fischer, who moved to Moscow after the Anschluss.
As Ernst Fischer, who was present at the meeting, records the argument in his marvelous book An Opposing Man, the militants from the power stations and factories were instructed: "One can't demonstrate against a verdict returned by jury.