Ernst Krenek


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Křenek, Ernst

 

Born Aug. 23, 1900, in Vienna. Austrian composer.

Křenek studied with F. Schreker, first at the Vienna Academy of Music and then at the Berlin Higher School of Music. During 1928–37 he lived mainly in Vienna; in 1938 he moved to the USA.

Křenek’s fame developed in the mid-1920’s, with the production of the operas Der Sprung Über Den Schatten (1924) and Jonny Spielt Auf (1927), both of which were also staged in the USSR. He evolved from the late romantic style, through an infatuation with urbanism and constructivism, to a mastery of dodecaphony. He became an active propagandist of dodecaphony. Křenek’s first important dodecaphonic work was the opera Karl V (produced in 1938). He wrote 15 operas, five symphonies, and other works in many genres. He is a music theorist and critic and has lectured at US universities.

REFERENCES

Glebov, Igor’ (Asaf ’ev, B. V.). “Kshenek i Berg, kak opernye kompository.” Sovremennaia muzyka, 1926, nos. 17–18.
Ernst Kshenek i ego opera “Dzh’onni naigryvaet.” [Moscow, 1929.]
References in periodicals archive ?
The Bolshoi Theatre put a special emphasis on the scores published by Universal Edition in the 1920s, when a few productions of such modern composers as Richard Strauss, Ernst Krenek, and Franz Schreker were staged.
The UO oboe studio will play works by Maurice Ravel, Ludwig van Beethoven, Schumann, Ernst Krenek, Richard Strauss, Paul Hindemith, Andre Previn and others.
30pm with the moving Symphonic Elegy by Austrian-born composer Ernst Krenek, written in memory of his friend Anton Webern, and concludes with the stirring First Symphony by Brahms.
The programme will include pieces by Rachmaninov and by Prokofiev as well as work by Jonathan Harvey by Jo Kendo and by Ernst Krenek.
Under the leadership of Emil Hertzka, UE began publishing the music of such early twentieth-century composers as Bela Bartok, Frederick Delius, Leos Janacek, Ernst Krenek, Gustav Mahler, Karol Szymanowski and Kurt Weill.
And surely, it is not by coincidence that it was the time that "jazz opera" by Ernst Krenek, named Jonny spielt auf, rushed on opera stages (Brno was the first city where it was staged in the Czech language on 22 December 1927, eight months after its premiere in Leipzig.
The sole available escape from the Nazi war machine was the music of Ernst Krenek or Paul Hindemith or the poetry of expressionism, so-called "degenerate art.
This edition of the correspondence between Ernst Krenek and his Viennese publisher covers twenty years of an association that coincided with a dramatic rise and precipitous fall for both parties.
Yet while Arnold Sehoenberg, Igor Stravinsky (not exactly a Hitler exile) and Ernst Toch each receive an entire chapter, the trio of Ernst Krenek, Eric Zeisl and Ingolf Dahl, and a group of eight composers working in the "picture business"--Mario Castelnuovo-Tedcseo, Hanns Eisler, Frederick Hollander, Erich Korngold, Alexandre Tansman, Franz Waxman, Kurt Weill, and Eugene Zador--are respectively lumped together in a chapter.
Scott (Creative Arts Librarian, Brandeis University), prominent musicians such as Robert Ashley, Cathy Berberian, Luciano Berio, John Cage, Ernst Krenek, Alvin Lucier, Gordon Mumma, Frederic Rzewski, and Morton Subotnick came to the campus to compose, record, and perform.
Rejecting Auner's concept of "school," Bernard focuses on a comparison of twelve-tone structures in works of Wallingford Riegger, Ernst Krenek, Walter Piston, Aaron Copland, Milton Babbitt, Luciano Berio, Olivier Messiaen, Pierre Boulez, Karlheinz Stockhausen, Luigi Dallapiccola, Luigi Nono, Henri Pousseur, Roger Sessions, and others.
Scholars could also make great strides by tracing and evaluating the diverging paths followed by four young German composers in the late twenties: Weill, Paul Hindemith, Ernst Krenek, and Franz Waxman.