Ernst Krenkel

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Krenkel, Ernst


Born Dec. 11 (24), 1903, in Tartu; died Dec. 8, 1971, in Moscow. Soviet polar explorer; doctor of geography (1938) and Hero of the Soviet Union (1938).

In 1969, Krenkel became the director of the Scientific Research Institute on Hydrometeorological Instrument-making. He was a radio operator at the polar stations Matochkin Shar (1924–25 and 1927–28), Tikhaia Bay (1929–30), Cape Oloviannyi (1935–36), and Domashnii Island (1936). He participated in arctic expeditions on the dirigible Graf Zeppelin (1931) and on the ships Sibiriakov (1932) and Cheliuskin (1933–34). He was a radio operator at the first drifting station, Severnyi Polius (1937–38). In 1927, he was the first to establish shortwave radio contact and he set the world record for long-distance radio communications, between Franz Josef Land and Antarctica. He was awarded two Orders of Lenin, three other orders, and medals.


Chetyre tovarishcha. Moscow, 1940.
“Moi pozyvnye— RAEM.” Novyi mir, 1970, nos. 9–11; 1971, nos. 10–11.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Ernst Krenkel', radist i polyarnik [Ernst Krenkel', r-adio operator and polyarnik].
Mario Cortese, aged 11, was researching for a project that eight children from class 4H were doing on Polar exploration, when he came across the name of Ernst Krenkel, a hero of the Soviet Union.