Ernst Ludwig Kirchner


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Kirchner, Ernst Ludwig

 

Born May 6, 1880, in Aschaffenburg, Bavaria; died June 15, 1938, in Frauenkirch, near Davos, Switzerland. German painter and graphic artist.

Kirchner studied architecture in the Dresden Technical School from 1901 to 1905. A self-taught painter, he was one of the first representatives and theorists of expressionism. In 1905, Kirchner, E. Heckel, and K. Schmidt-Rottluff founded the group Die Brücke (The Bridge). From 1915, Kirchner lived in Switzerland. After the Nazis came to power, he was expelled from the Prussian Academy of Arts (where he had been a member since 1931), and his works were removed from German museums. Kirchner committed suicide.

REFERENCE

Gordon, D. E. E. L. Kirchner. Cambridge (Mass.), 1968.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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The 180 paintings, prints, drawings, carvings and photographs that make up 'Ernst Ludwig Kirchner (1880-1938)'--co-curated by Fundacion Mapfre and the Kirchner Museum in Davos--do more than introduce the German Expressionist to a new public: they show his work in a refreshingly new light.
This survey of twenty late paintings by Ernst Ludwig Kirchner is an important if ambiguous event.
As its title suggests, this book--a collection of essays from contributors to the Brucke centenary conference held at the University of Sussex in 2005--is directed towards readers already familiar with the work of the Brucke artists Erich Heckel, Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, Max Pechstein and Karl Schmidt-Rottluff, who were based in Dresden from 1905 and were later joined by Otto Muller.
Nevertheless, when you step back and consider my post-1980 work, there is no doubt that it has a relationship to paintings by Ernst Ludwig Kirchner and Emil Nolde.
Ernst Ludwig Kirchner: Retrospective 23 April-25 July 2010 Stadel Museum, Frankfurt am Main Catalogue by Felix Kramer et al English edition: ISBN 9783775725538 (hardback), 35 [pounds sterling] (Hatje Cantz Verlag)
Ernst Ludwig Kirchner has been the subject of at least two major retrospectives over the past decade, and he has emerged from both with his painterly and art historical credentials intact.
(2) Norman Rosenthal, 'Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, Expressionist', in Jill Lloyd and Magdalena M.
32 37, organised the first exhibition to be devoted entirely to this category of his output: 'Ernst Ludwig Kirchner: Das plastische Werk', presented at the Kirchner Museum, Davos, in 2002 and, as 'Ernst Ludwig Kirchner: Der Maler als Bildhauer', at the Staatsgalerie, Stuttgart, in 2003.
(6) On this painting, featured on the poster for the show's London version, see Jill Lloyd, 'Acquisition of the Year: Potsdamer Platz by Ernst Ludwig Kirchner at the Neue Nationalgalerie, Berlin', APOLLO, vol.
Kirchner's experience of the later War years is recounted from another perspective as a prelude to the second, Swiss half of his career--in the exhibition "Ernst Ludwig Kirchner: Bergleben.