Ernst Nolte

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Ernst Nolte
BirthplaceWitten, Germany
Philosopher and historian.
EducationPhD in Philosophy (1952)
Known for For articulating a theory of generic fascism as “resistance to transcendence”, and for his involvement in the Historikerstreit debate
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Nolte, Ernst


Born Jan. 11, 1923, in Witten. German historian (Federal Republic of Germany). Since 1965, Nolte has been a professor at the University of Marburg.

In his studies, Nolte has attempted to work out a typology of fascism, incorporating for this purpose relevant material from various countries. However, his conception is highly idealistic. Focusing exclusively on ideology, he ignores the socioeconomic sources and roots of fascism, above all, the role of monopoly capital as the social force with the greatest stake in fascism. He unjustifiably regards the period between 1919 and 1945 as the era of Fascism and denies the possibility of a rebirth of fascism in the postwar period. In his political views, Nolte is aligned with conservative circles in the Federal Republic of Germany.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The fruit of this unscholarly and anti-democratic spirit was the Historikerstreit ("dispute among historians") of the 1980s, which destroyed the careers of Germany's best remaining historians--including Andreas Hillgruber, Ernst Nolte and Immanuel Geiss.
En este sentido, resulta paradigmatico el caso de la critica del historiador aleman Ernst Nolte a la supuesta singularidad del Holocausto nazi, desarrollada en su ensayo "El pasado que no pasa" (20), publicado en 1986.
[German historian] Ernst Nolte was probably right that fascism belonged to a specific temporal-spatial context and therefore should not be applied to developmental dictatorships all over the globe.
Gottfried believes that the term "fascism" has undergone unwarranted manipulation since the German historian Ernst Nolte conflated fascism and Nazism in a manner that enabled less astute critics on "the multicultural Left" to justify "their attack on their opponents as Nazis and not simply generic fascists."
The West German "historians' quarrel" erupted over conservative historian Ernst Nolte's 1986 proposal to derive Nazi genocide from German reactions to Bolshevik violence, a thesis massively rejected by liberal-minded scholars.
We must decide what is important enough to be recorded." Unlike Roger Griffin, Ernst Nolte, Roger Eatwell and other theorists, Gregor offers no formal definition of fascism.
Roderick Stackelberg shows that the historian Ernst Nolte did not have to distort Nietzsche all that much to make him appear a precursor of Nazism.
Ernst Nolte's "The Past That Will Not Pass: A Speech That Could Be Written but Not Delivered" (Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung) ignites the "Historikerstreit" in Germany.
It began when Ernst Nolte published an article in the "Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung" in which he argued that the Holocaust should be placed alongside all the other genocides of the twentieth century.
Well-known historians, such as Martin Broszat, Ernst Nolte, Andreas Hillgruber, and others, waded into the debate, to rationalize, categorize, and, in some cases, minimize the unimaginable horrors of the Holocaust.
Traverso strongly attacks the revisionists around Ernst Nolte, and convincingly reiterates the arguments why the annihilation of European Jewry at the hands of Nazi Germany should never be relativized or historicized; he fears, however, that political expediency has favoured an undifferentiated concept of totalitarianism, in which the NSDAP and SED regimes are mostly mentioned in the same breath and their similarities unduly stressed, which in turn served slowly to erode the public consciousness of the uniqueness of Auschwitz