Ernst Röhm

(redirected from Ernst Roehm)
Ernst Röhm
Ernst Julius Günther Röhm
Stabschef, Sturmabteilung (SA)
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Röhm, Ernst


Born Nov. 28, 1887, in Munich; died there June 30, 1934. One of the leaders of fascist Germany.

In 1919, while a Reichswehr officer in Munich, Röhm began collaborating with Hitler, whom he used as a secret informer. Röhm joined the National Socialist Party in the early 1920’s and directed the military training of the Storm Troops. He participated in the fascist putsch of 1923. Röhm was made chief of staff of the Storm Troops in 1931. After the establishment of the fascist dictatorship in 1933, he was appointed reichsminister. However, Röhm and his confederates tried to extend their power over the generals and turn the Storm Troops into the backbone of the newly created mass army. With Hitler’s sanction, Röhm was shot along with a group of other Storm Troop leaders during the purge known as the night of the long knives.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Another top Svoboda member, Yuriy Mykhalchyshyn, a deputy in parliament, often quotes former German Nazi propaganda minister Joseph Goebbels, as well as other Third Reich luminaries like Ernst Roehm and Gregor Strasser.
Stolfi, for example, justifies the murder of Ernst Roehm. Hitler had, after all, given the SA chief plenty of opportunities to mend his ways.
Rich in detail reflecting extensive research, it begins with their arrival in July 1933 and ends on 30 June 1934, the Night of the Long Knives, when Hitler purged his party of insufficiently obedient elements by having Ernst Roehm and other old SA (Sturmabteilung, the brown-shirted Nazi paramilitary army) Kameraden murdered.
He was a key player in the "night of the long knives" that saw Ernst Roehm's thuggish SA neutralised, and again in the Kristallnacht pogrom on the Jews, in 1938.
Two years later, Hitler would be the country's chancellor and he was represented at her funeral by henchman Ernst Roehm and Heinrich Himmler.
Unbeknownst to them, it's the morning after Hitler's Night of the Long Knives, and gay-friendly Nazi official Ernst Roehm has been killed.
Adolf Hitler consolidated his power on the infamous "Night of the Long Knives" of June 30, 1934, an assassination blitzkrieg in which he wiped out his erstwhile friend Ernst Roehm (who had become a competitor) and the top leadership of Roehm's brownshirted storm troopers.
During this purge, Hitler rid himself of Ernst Roehm, the controversial and confrontational SA (Sturmabteilung -- storm troopers) leader who had helped catapult him to power by establishing and training this organization.
His right hand man, Ernst Roehm, was an openly practising homosexual.
Hitler believed he could be blackmailed over this past and this fear led to the bloody purge of many homosexual comrades during the "Night of the Long Knives" in 1934, including Ernst Roehm, the leader of the Nazis' SA stormtroopers.
Its basis, apart from the Nazi cult of virility, was the fact that Ernst Roehm, the commander of the S.A., was homosexual, as were a number of his cronies.
Similarly, "Heroes and Gay Nazis" looks at modern-day gay neo-Nazis as well as homosexual officials in the Third Reich, including Ernst Roehm, who headed the Nazi Party's storm trooper division before being executed on Adolf Hitler's orders.