Ernst Toller


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Ernst Toller
Birthday
BirthplaceSzamocin, Posen
Died
NationalityGermany

Toller, Ernst

 

Born Dec. 1, 1893, in Samotschin (present-day Szamocin, near the city of Bydgoszcz, Poland); died May 22, 1939, in New York. German writer.

Toller studied in Grenoble until 1914 and then in Heidelberg and Munich. He was one of the leading figures of expressionism. He joined the government of the Bavarian Soviet Republic in 1919. After the republic’s defeat he was imprisoned, and while in prison wrote Requiem to Murdered Brothers (1920) and Prisoners’ Poems (1921). He also wrote several plays, including Man and the Masses (1921, banned after the first performance; Russian translation, 1923); the central theme of the play is the problem of correlating the aim and the means of revolutionary struggle. Toller was also the author of the play Hoppla! (1927; translated into Russian as We Are Living, We Are Living!, 1928).

In 1933, Toller emigrated to the USA, where he published the collection of autobiographical sketches / Was a German (1933; Russian translation, 1935) and a play about life in a concentration camp, Pastor Hall (1939). Toller committed suicide while in a state of depression.

WORKS

Prosa, Briefe, Dramen, Gedichte. Reinbek bei Hamburg, 1961.

REFERENCES

Ekspressionizm. (Collection of articles.) Moscow, 1966.
Willibrand, W. A. Ernst Toller: Product of Two Revolutions. Norman, Okla. 1941.
References in periodicals archive ?
14) And the German expressionist poet Ernst Toller writes right after the First World War: "Who asks for human blood for his own sake / Is Moloch: / God was Moloch.
Die vorliegenden Aufzeichnungen sind also Notizen aus dem Gefangnis--sie bieten ein Ensemble von Reflexionen uber Krieg, Revolution und Haft, uber politische und theoretische Belange, uber die Lebensumstande und Schikanen in den verschiedenen Haftanstalten, uber Mithaftlinge (wie den Dichter Ernst Toller, der ebenfalls wegen seiner Beteiligung an der Raterepublik verurteilt worden war), uber Besucher.
Disgrifir Tir Neb fel 'ffilm ddogfen delynegol a thrasig', sy'n adrodd hanes y Rhyfel Mawr, o'i ddechrau i'w ddiwedd, yng ngeiriau'r bobl a ddioddefodd ar ddwy ochr tir neb - pobl fel Ernst Toller, myfyriwr o Bavaria, neu Maurice Marechal, y cerddor ifanc o Dijon.
The characters, Ruth Blatt, her cousin Dora Fabian, and the playwright Ernst Toller, were all real people.
Asimilo muy pronto la leccion del siglo xx contenida en la grave profecia de Max Weber contra el apego irracional a la "etica de la conviccion", ese fanatismo--a un tiempo asesino y suicida--que degrado moralmente a Lukacs y sacrifico a Ernst Toller.
The group comprised the German poet and dramatist Ernst Toller, the Austrian writer Arnold Zweig, the German novelist Leon Feuchtwanger, and the thirty-six-year-old Hungarian journalist, photographer and film-maker Stefan Lorant, former editor of the Munchener Illustrierte and the Weekly Illustrated.
In the 1930s, respected writers like Thomas and Heinrich Mann, Bertolt Brecht, Ernst Toller, and Erich Maria Remarque fled Germany to escape Nazi tyranny.
Previously Unpublished Poems of Ernst Toller (1893-1939): A Critical Translation.
Benz, a professor at the Center for Research on Antisemitism at the Technical University of Berlin, and Pehle, an authority on Nazi Germany, have divided their study into three parts: a general conspectus of the types of resistance (communist, socialist, military, church); an alphabetical listing and cross-referenced description of the various resistance groups; and, a broadly based compilation of biographies of those who may be even remotely considered resisters (including such literary luminaries as Thomas Mann, Ernst Toller, and Oswald Spengler, onetime "Court Philosopher of the Nazi Movement").
The remaining sections of this chapter provide a description of the themes, plots, and characters that recur in the work of Expressionist dramatists, including Ernst Toller, Georg Kaiser, Carl Sternheim, Frank Wedekind, Walter Hasenclever, and Fritz von Unruh.
Entre ellos destacan: Ernst von Salomon, Otto Strasser, Bertolt Brech, Arnolt Bronnen, Erich Muhasam, Ernst Toller, y se relaciona de manera especial con Carl Schmitt, Valeriu Marcu, Alfred Kubin y el editor Ernst Rowohlt.
Outsiders were encouraged to seek out their own homelands, and the Nazi powers before and during the Third Reich were quite happy when Jewish and Gentile dramatists, writers, filmmakers, and scientists such as the Manns, Bertold Brecht, Max Reinhardt, Ernst Toller, Carl Zuckmeyer, Peter Weiss, Franz Werfel, Fritz Lang, Otto Preminger, William Wyler, Fred Zinnemann, Billy Wilder, and Albert Einstein fled into exile.