Ernst Troeltsch


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Troeltsch, Ernst

 

Born Feb. 17, 1865, in Haunstetten, near Augsburg; died Feb. 1, 1923, in Berlin. German Protestant theologian, philosopher, sociologist, and historian of religion.

Troeltsch taught at the universities of Bonn, Heidelberg, and Berlin. His religious and philosophical views grew out of liberal Protestantism. Following A. Ritschl, he attempted to elaborate a historical method of theology for analyzing the development of Christianity, especially Protestantism, as part of the total development of European culture. He asserted, as did I. Kant and F. Schleiermacher, the a priori nature of religious feelings and experiences. Influenced by M. Weber, Troeltsch stressed the importance of economics and institutions in the history of the Christian church. The Social Teachings of the Christian Churches (vols. 1–2,1912), which established Troeltsch as a founder of the sociology of religion, presented a typology of religious groups, such as the church, the sect, and the mystical community.

Toward the end of his life, Troeltsch published several works on the philosophy of history that were influenced by W. Dilthey’s “philosophy of life, ” the Baden school’s neo-Kantianism, and, to a lesser extent, the views of O. Spengler. In these works Troeltsch asserted the unique and nonrecurring nature of the historical process and the conception of culture as a continuous coming-into-being and individual totality. In ethics, Troeltsch considered the development of the individual human being as the supreme ethical principle of European culture, echoing the ideas of German classical humanism of the turn of the 19th century. This ethical position caused Troeltsch to move, in his final years, from neo-Kantianism to a personalist monadology (seePERSONALISM and MONAD).

WORKS

Gesammelle Schriften, vols. 1–4. Tübingen, 1912–25.

REFERENCES

Asmus, V. F. Marks i burzhuaznyi istorizm. Moscow-Leningrad, 1933.
Bodenstein, W. Neige des Historismus: E. Troeltschs Entwicklungsgang. [Gütersloh, 1959.] (Bibliography.)
Kasch, W. F. Die Sozialphilosophie von E. Troeltsch. Tübingen, 1963.
Lessing, E. Die Geschichtsphilosophie von E. Troeltschs. Hamburg, 1965.

A. P. OGURTSOV

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5)See Ernst Troeltsch, Protestantisches Christentum und Kirche in der Neuzeit ed.
Historical method figures prominently in the discussion that draws on Ernst Troeltsch, a process for Sider that emphasizes Yoder's "non-reductive historicism," building on an intersection of eschatology and history (rather than the typologies in ethics from Troeltsch's more frequently cited legacy).
1) For example, see Ernst Troeltsch, The Absoluteness of Christianity and the History of Religions, introduction by James Luther Adams, trans.
Myers limits his study to late Wilhelmine and Weimar Germany (1870-1933), a complex, dynamic milieu alive with articulate debates on what the German Protestant historian Ernst Troeltsch called the "Crisis of Historicism.
Daubanton followed Warneck in his criticism of the history-of-religions school (religionsgeschichtliche Schule), as advocated by Wilhelm Bousset, Hermann Gunkel, Ernst Troeltsch, and others.
Richard Niebuhr and Ernst Troeltsch, and mostly identifies the difference between "denominations," "sects," and "cults.
Ricci, who ranges widely among scholars besides Vico and Heidegger, like the early twentieth-century intellectual historian Ernst Troeltsch, could have reached his goal with fewer digressions.
Unable to forgo all characterizations about apocalypses and their prophets, Weber restates implicitly a distinction Ernst Troeltsch made more than a half-century ago.
Indeed, one of the most profound insights of the sociology of religion, an insight that dates back to the work of Max Weber, Ernst Troeltsch, and Richard Niebuhr, is that religious movements routinize and institutionalize overtime.
456) by regretting that so many of the preceding essays concentrate on extremists of varying ideological hues and that the 'so unterschiedliche[n] Befurworter einer demokratischen zivilen Gesellschaft wie Ernst Troeltsch, Gustav Radbruch, Erich Kastner, Erich Maria Remarque, Heinrich Mann, Paul Tillich, Emil Ludwig u.
Die religionsphilosophische Bedeutung von Heraufkunft und Wesen der Neuzeit im Denken von Ernst Troeltsch (Regensburg: Pustet Verlag 1982), 197-201.
Perceptive analysts like Max Weber, Friedrich Naumann, and Ernst Troeltsch were clear that 'culture-protestantism', if it was to have any potency, would have to reformulate itself under the new conditions of highly industrialized society with its class conflict and unprecedented social problems.