Ernst Zermelo

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Zermelo, Ernst


Born July 27, 1871, in Berlin; died May 21, 1953, in Freiburg. German mathematician.

Zermelo graduated from the University of Berlin in 1894. His principal works deal with set theory, for which he provided a general axiomatization. He proved that every set can be well-ordered. His contributions influenced the development of set theory and generated considerable discussion. Zermelo also produced works dealing with the calculus of variations and with problems of the application of probability theory to statistical mechanics.


Serpinskii, V. K. “Aksioma Zermelo i ee rol’ v teorii mnozhestv i v analize.” Matematicheskii sbornik, 1922, vol. 31, issue 1.
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They range from the brilliant but retiring Maria Agnesi to the more assertive Ernst Zermelo, who left his academic post in 1935 in protest against the Nazi regime.