Ertebølle

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Ertebølle

 

a kitchen-midden archaeological culture dating from the late Mesolithic and early Neolithic periods (end of the fifth millennium B.C. to the beginning of the third millennium B.C.), widespread in what is now the northern parts of the German Democratic Republic and the Federal Republic of Germany and in what is now Denmark and southern Sweden. The culture is named after the kitchen midden of Erteb0lle in northern Jutland, Denmark, which is 140 m long, up to 40 m wide, and 1.5 m high.

The culture is characterized by unpolished flaked stone tools (macrolithic axes, trapezoidal arrowheads), points made of bone and antler, chisels, axes, fishhooks, and handles. The pottery comprised bowls and thick-walled vessels with pointed bottoms. The economy consisted of fishing, hunting, and the gathering of mollusks.

REFERENCES

Dolukhanov, P. M. “Paleografiia mezolita Severnoi Evropy.” In Materialy i issledovaniia po arkheologii SSSR, no. 126. Moscow-Leningrad, 1966.
Mongait, A. L. Arkheologiia Zapadnoi Evropy: Kamennyi vek. Moscow, 1973.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Kongemose culture is little known compared to the other Mesolithic cultures in Southern Scandinavia, Ertebolle and Maglemose, not because it is less interesting or because its archaeological record is not as fertile, says Sorensen, but only because little has been published about that record and the culture.
Five types of early pottery are traditionally distinguished in the Baltic Sea region: (1) Ertebolle in southern Scandinavia, northern Germany and northern Poland (e.
A dialogue across the Baltic on Narva and Ertebolle pottery.
Ertebolle pottery in southern Sweden--a question of handicraft, networks, and creolisation in a period of neolithisation.
Among them are the earliest use of pottery in Anatolia, relationships between pottery technology and production organization in early Neolithic southern Italy, the pottery of the Swifterbant culture in the Netherlands as an example of hunter-gatherers in transition to agriculture, and evidence and consequences of exchanging bone and antler and pottery designs between Ertebolle and Funnel-Beaker Danubian communities.
Con todo, su propuesta es eclectica cuando explica el proceso de cambio de los grupos de la Cultura Ertebolle al Neolitico.
The appearance of pottery at Ertebolle sites in north Germany was dated to 4750 cal BC (Hartz & Lubke 2006).
New evidence for a chronostratigraphic division of the Ertebolle culture and the earliest Funnel Beaker culture on the southern Mecklenburg Bay.
Jahrtausends cal BC die Tonware der Neman-Kultur, die typologisch am ehesten von der Keramik der Dnepr-Donez- und der Strumel-Gastjatin-Kultur weiter sudostlich hergeleitet werden kann und die deutliche Ahnlichkeiten mit westlichen Wildbeuterkeramiktypen wie Zedmar und Ertebolle zeigt.
Middle-European Linearbandkeramik Culture includes the so-called shoe-last axes that have generally been connected with land clearing practices for agricultural purposes; their distribution to North-German, Danish and South-Swedish Mesolithic Ertebolle Culture (although to a quite limited extent) is regarded as a sign of direct contacts with agricultural people.