Ertebølle

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Ertebølle

 

a kitchen-midden archaeological culture dating from the late Mesolithic and early Neolithic periods (end of the fifth millennium B.C. to the beginning of the third millennium B.C.), widespread in what is now the northern parts of the German Democratic Republic and the Federal Republic of Germany and in what is now Denmark and southern Sweden. The culture is named after the kitchen midden of Erteb0lle in northern Jutland, Denmark, which is 140 m long, up to 40 m wide, and 1.5 m high.

The culture is characterized by unpolished flaked stone tools (macrolithic axes, trapezoidal arrowheads), points made of bone and antler, chisels, axes, fishhooks, and handles. The pottery comprised bowls and thick-walled vessels with pointed bottoms. The economy consisted of fishing, hunting, and the gathering of mollusks.

REFERENCES

Dolukhanov, P. M. “Paleografiia mezolita Severnoi Evropy.” In Materialy i issledovaniia po arkheologii SSSR, no. 126. Moscow-Leningrad, 1966.
Mongait, A. L. Arkheologiia Zapadnoi Evropy: Kamennyi vek. Moscow, 1973.
References in periodicals archive ?
Among them are the earliest use of pottery in Anatolia, relationships between pottery technology and production organization in early Neolithic southern Italy, the pottery of the Swifterbant culture in the Netherlands as an example of hunter-gatherers in transition to agriculture, and evidence and consequences of exchanging bone and antler and pottery designs between Ertebolle and Funnel-Beaker Danubian communities.
The appearance of pottery at Ertebolle sites in north Germany was dated to 4750 cal BC (Hartz & Lubke 2006).
Although Tybrind Vig was first identified in 1957, it was not until the mid-1970s that the late Mesolithic settlement (belonging to the Ertebolle culture c.
Jahrtausends cal BC die Tonware der Neman-Kultur, die typologisch am ehesten von der Keramik der Dnepr-Donez- und der Strumel-Gastjatin-Kultur weiter sudostlich hergeleitet werden kann und die deutliche Ahnlichkeiten mit westlichen Wildbeuterkeramiktypen wie Zedmar und Ertebolle zeigt.
From late Ertebolle contexts there are only scattered examples of freshwater mollusc shells used as beads or pendants (e.
Middle-European Linearbandkeramik Culture includes the so-called shoe-last axes that have generally been connected with land clearing practices for agricultural purposes; their distribution to North-German, Danish and South-Swedish Mesolithic Ertebolle Culture (although to a quite limited extent) is regarded as a sign of direct contacts with agricultural people.
In a paper entitled 'Blubber lamps in the Ertebolle culture?
Examples include Chinchorro along the northern coast of Chile (Arriaza 1995), the Natufians in the Levantine corridor of the Near East (Bar-Yosef 1986), the Jomon of Japan (Imamura 1996) and the Ertebolle of circum-Baltic Europe (Zvelebil 1996).
Post-Pleistocene complex hunters and gatherers who practised intensive maritime adaptations and established extensive often sedentary communities are best represented by the Jomon culture in Japan (Habu 2004), the Ertebolle culture in Scandinavia (Miller et al.
This early pottery reflects relations with the western Ertebolle culture and the eastern Zedmar/Narva culture.
Bradtmoller reports on Fedderingen Wurth, the only excavated Ertebolle site on the German North Sea coast, with evidence for ceramics including a lamp fragment and Ertebolle lithics but as yet with insufficient evidence to demonstrate connections with the neighbouring Swifterbant complex.
Karsten & Knarrstrom present the important Mesolithic material (from the Kongemose and Ertebolle cultures) from the Tagerup site in Scania, southern Sweden, to an English-speaking audience.