Erwin Rommel

Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.

Rommel, Erwin

(ĕr`vēn rôm`əl), 1891–1944, German field marshal. He entered the army in 1910 and rose slowly through the ranks. In 1939, Adolf Hitler made him a general. Rommel brilliantly commanded an armored division in the attack (1940) on France. In Feb., 1941, he took the specially trained tank corps, the Afrika Korps, into Libya. For his successes there he was made field marshal and earned the name "the desert fox." In 1942 he pressed almost to Alexandria, Egypt, but was stalled by fierce British resistance and lack of supplies. A British offensive overwhelmed (Oct.–Nov., 1942) the German forces at AlameinAlamein, El
or Al Alamayn
, town, N Egypt, on the Mediterranean Sea. It was the site of a decisive British victory in World War II (see North Africa, campaigns in).
..... Click the link for more information.
 (see North Africa, campaigns inNorth Africa, campaigns in,
series of military contests for control of North Africa during World War II. The desert war started in 1940 and for more than two years thereafter seesawed between NE Libya and NW Egypt.
..... Click the link for more information.
). Rommel was recalled to Germany before the Afrika Korps's final defeat. He was a commander in N France when the Allies invaded Normandy in June, 1944. Allied success led Rommel, who had lost his respect for Hitler, to agree to a plot to remove Hitler from office. Wounded in an air raid in July, he had just recovered when he was forced to take poison because of his part in the attempt on Hitler's life in July, 1944.


See his memoirs and correspondence of World War II, The Rommel Papers, ed. by B. H. Liddell Hart, 1953; biography by D. Young (1950, repr. 1969); studies by R. Lewin (1968, repr. 1972), C. Douglas-Hume (1973), and M. Kitchen (2009); P. Caddick-Adams, Monty and Rommel (2012).

The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Rommel, Erwin


Born Nov. 15, 1891, in Heidenheim, Baden-Würtemberg; died Oct. 14, 1944, in Herlingen, near the city of Ulm. Fascist German field marshal (1942).

Rommel entered military service in 1910 and fought in World War I. He served in the Reichswehr in 1918, and later, the Wehrmacht. During the 1930’s he was a teacher and head of a military academy. In September 1939 he became military commandant of Hitler’s headquarters. In February 1940, Rommel was made commander of the 7th Panzer Division during the campaign in France. From February 1941 until March 1943 he commanded the German expeditionary forces in North Africa. From July to November 1943 he commanded Army Group V in northern Italy. In November 1943, Rommel functioned as military inspector for the headquarters of the High Command in Denmark. In November 1943 he became commander of Army Group B in France. On July 17 he left the post because of a serious injury. Rommel was associated with the right wing of the conspirators against Hitler, and after the conspiracy was uncovered, he committed suicide on Hitler’s order.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
A mate of mine from Cardiff spends more time plotting victories on the sand dunes than Field Marshal Erwin Rommel, and he always tells me to keep a very close eye on gambles at this time of year, as stables try to earn the Crimbo exes.
The legend of Erwin Rommel is at the center of a growing controversy surrounding an upcoming TV biopic by one of Germany's leading production companies.
Patton, General Creighton Abrams, German Field Marshal Erwin Rommel and Israeli Major General Moshe Peled, according to the Armor Museum at Fort Knox, where he is commemorated.
During World War II, Germany, Great Britain, and the United States each produced a battle captain who stood above the rest: Erwin Rommel, Bernard Montgomery, and George Patton.
As Field Marshall Erwin Rommel's Afrika Korps advanced across North Africa and began planning the invasion of Palestine from its Egyptian base, SS-Obersturmbannf=FChrer Walter Rauff began organizing the special Einsatzkommando that would follow Rommel's troops in order to murder all the Jews living there.
Erwin Rommel s defeat in August 1942 rendered the project obsolete.
France's armies and generals, trained to re-fight World War I, were overwhelmed by lightening warfare.AaBlitzkrieg -- now adopted by all major modern armed forces -- was designed to strike an enemy's brain rather than body, paralysing his ability to manage large forces or to fight.AaBritain's well-trained expeditionary force in France was beaten just as quickly and thoroughly as the French, and saved itself only by abandoning its French allies and fleeing across the Channel.AaAaNo army in the world at that time could have withstood Germany's blitzkrieg, planned by the brilliant Erich von Manstein, and led by theAaaudacious Heinz Guderian, and Erwin Rommel -- three of modern history's greatest generals.
Field Marshal Erwin Rommel is a classic example, when in a battle his Afrika Korps mauled the British and advanced hundreds of kilometres that day and in the process captured many prisoners, armour, ammunition, etc.
Author Bradford, for whom no background information is given, has written a tribute to the men on both sides who fought in the North African Campaign in World War II, and particularly to Erwin Rommel and his Afrika Korps.
One can think of many examples, such as generals preparing to fight the last war, while innovators, like Erwin Rommel or Billy Mitchell, develop the weapons and tactics that will win the next one."
Chapman is a member of a British combat unit whose mission is to go behind German lines and locate and kill Field Marshall Erwin Rommel. Chapman and his crew roam the desert seeking their objective.
As with all of Shaara's other works, The Rising Tide begins with an introduction to the main players, including not only those with familiar names--Dwight Eisenhower, Mark Clark, Erwin Rommel, and George Patton--but also unknown frontline soldiers.