Erwin Von Witzleben

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Witzleben, Erwin Von


Born Dec. 4, 1881, in Breslau; died Aug. 8, 1944, in Berlin. Fascist German general and field marshal (1940). In the army from 1901. Participated in World War I; later in the Reichswehr.

From 1934, Witzleben commanded an infantry division, from September 1939, the Second Army Group, and from November 1939, the First Army. He took part in the French campaign. In October 1940 he became commander of Army Group D in France, and in November 1942 he became general for assignments under the High Command. Witzleben was one of the leaders of the July 20, 1944, conspiracy against Hitler; in the event of success, he was to become commander in chief. He was executed by sentence of a Hitlerite fascist military tribunal.

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References in periodicals archive ?
The planned coup was led by senior military leaders such as Field Marshal Erwin von Witzleben and General Ludwig Beck.
The admiral's intuition was confirmed by a message from Field Marshal Erwin von Witzleben, commander of the Berlin garrison, who had declared himself ready to do everything in his power to depose the Fuhrer.
The planned coup - known as the July plot - was led by Field Marshal Erwin von Witzleben, General Ludwig Beck and other senior military figures.