Erwinia


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Erwinia

[ər′win·ē·ə]
(microbiology)
A genus of motile, rod-shaped bacteria in the family Enterobacteriaceae; these organisms invade living plant tissues and cause dry necroses, galls, wilts, and soft rots.
References in periodicals archive ?
Occurence and primer inoculum sources of bacterial stem rot caused by Erwinia species on tomato in the eastern Mediterraanean region of Turkey.
Fungicidas cupricos, cloretos de benzalconio e composto bioativo liquido (Bokashi): fitotoxidade e controle da seca dos ponteiros causada por Erwinia psidii em goiabeiras.
Bacillus polymyxa and Paenibacillus validus had their highest production at incubation temperature of 35C, which was similar to the work of Borkotaky and Bezbaruah [18] that reported optimum incubation temperature for L-asparaginase activity by Erwinia sp.
The high relative abundance of Erwinia from the very beginning of fermentation supports the thought that they are environmental microbes, coming from the surface of the grapes at pressing, and are not necessarily active during the fermentation.
Hence there is a need to assay local medicinal traditional plants crude extracts in order to control Irish potato soft rot caused by Erwinia carotovora in tropical conditions.
Ireland-based Jazz Pharmaceuticals has received approval from the US Food and Drug Administration for its intravenous administration of Erwinaze (asparaginase Erwinia chrysanthemi), it was reported yesterday.
Psy was isolated from corn while Crt1 from a common soil bacterium Erwinia uredovora.
Application of Lactobacillus, a Lactic acid bacterium (LAB) as a biocontrol agent has been reported against some pathogens such as Xanthomonas campestris, Erwinia carotovora and Staphylococcus aureus [3,13].
Comparative analysis of two classes of quorum-sensing signaling systems that control production of extracellular proteins and secondary metabolites in Erwinia carotovora subspecies.
Durante las decadas siguientes, varios estudios pusieron en evidencia la capacidad solubilizadora de fosfatos de: Erwinia, Pseudomonas, Bacillus, Rhizobium, Klebsiella, Burkholderia, Serratia, Achromobacter, Agrobacterium, Microccocus, Aereo-bacter, Flavobacterium, Enterobacter, Klebsiella, Arthrobacter, Rhodobacter, Pantotea y Klebsiella, entre las bacterias y, Aspergillus, Penicillium, Trichoderma y Fusarium entre los hongos (Awasthi y otros, 2011; Khan y otros, 2007; Sharan y otros, 2008; Khan y otros, 2010; Zaidi y otros, 2009).
The authors pointed out the presence of bacterial plant pathogens, as for instance Ralstonia spp and Erwinia billingiae, and raised the question whether sandflies may act as vectors of plant pathogens (3).