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(all: ĕr'ĭmăn`thəs), mountain group, S Greece, in NW Peloponnesus, on the border of Achaea, Arcadia, and Elis. The highest peak (c.7,295 ft/2,220 m) is Mt. Erymanthos, also known as Mt. Olonos. In mythology the mountains were the haunt of the Erymanthian boar that Hercules captured.
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Hercules' capture of the Erymanthian Boar, a tempting subject for artists, has been immortalized on coins and amphora; on a Roman sarcophagus; in paintings, films, and sketches; and through myriad sculptures.
For instance, the Erymanthian Boar could have felled Hercules via microbiology instead of muscle and tusk.
By conventional view, Heracles had twelve labors, and these labors occurred in the following order: 1) Nemean Lion; 2) Lernaean Hydra; 3) Ceryneian Hind; 4) Erymanthian Boar; 5) Stables of Augeias; 6) Stymphalian Birds; 7) Cretan Bull; 8) Mares of Diomedes; 9) Hippolyte's Girdle; 10) Cattle of Geryon; 11) Apples of the Hesperides; 12) Capture of Cerberus.
But when he heard a report of the heroes' gathering and had reached Lyrceian Argos from Arcadia by the road along which he carried the boar alive that fed in the thickets of Lampeia, near the vast Erymanthian swamp, the boar bound with chains he put down from his huge shoulders at the entrance to the market-place of Mycenac; and himself of his own will set out against the purpose of Eurystheos; and with him went Hylas, a brave comrade in the flower of youth, to bear his arrows and to guard his bow.
Through her influence he is commanded to carry out twelve labors, in hopes that he will be killed in accomplishing one of them: (1) he must strangle the Nemean lion; (2) he must kill the nine-headed hydra; (3) he must capture the dread Erymanthian boar; (4) he must capture a stag with golden antlers and brazen feet; (5) he must get rid of the carnivorous Stymphalian birds; (6) he must cleanse the stables of Augeas; (7) he must capture the sacred bull of Minos; (8) he must drive away the carnivorous mares of Diomedes; (9) he must secure the girdle of Hippolyta, queen of the Amazons; (10) he must bring back the oxen belonging to the monster Geryoneus; (11) he must bring back the golden apples of the Hesperides; and (12) he must bring back Cerberus, the three-headed dog of the Underworld.
Hercules captured the Erymanthian boar in his third labor and brought it back on his shoulders.