Erysipeloid


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Related to Erysipeloid: glanders

erysipeloid

[‚er·ə′sip·ə‚lȯid]
(medicine)
A bacterial infection caused by Erysipelothrix rhuscopathiae and occurring on the hands of people who handle infected meat or fish.

Erysipeloid

 

an infectious skin disease of humans caused by swine erysipelas bacteria. Domestic animals (chiefly swine) and fish are the sources of infection. Infection occurs through injured skin, mainly as a result of handling meat and fish. Edema and purple-dark blue coloration of the skin develop within two or three days at the site of penetration of the causative agent and then spread, producing pain. In some cases the lymph nodes enlarge, the interphalangeal joints of the hands become affected, and the body temperature rises. The disease lasts two or three weeks; recurrences are possible.

Treatment includes the use of antibiotics, ultraviolet radiation, and ichthammol ointment. Preventive measures include taking care to avoid injuring the skin when handling meat or fish. If injury occurs, the affected area should be treated immediately with a disinfectant, such as iodine or aniline dyes.

References in periodicals archive ?
Some atypical variants were already described, such as chancriform, palmoplantar, zosteriform, and erysipeloid, and more recently the paronychial, annular, eyelid, chancriform, zosteriform, and palmoplantar that palmoplantar region reports were very rare (1, 3, 5, 7-9).
Skin papules and/or nodules were found in 80% of patients, telangiectatic carcinomas in 11%, erysipeloid carcinomas in 3%, 'en cuirasse' carcinomas in 3%, alopecia neoplastica in 2% and a zosteriform type in 0.
Erysipeloid is known by a variety of other names such as Baker-Rosenbach syndrome, Klauder's syndrome, Rosenbach's erysipeloid, crab dermatitis, ectodermosis erosiva pluriorifacialis, fish-handlers' disease, and swine erysipelas in man.
The most common dermatologic manifestation is a distinctive erysipeloid rash on the lower extremities that occurs in about 15% of children with this syndrome.
Editorial Note: Although off virus infection is self-limiting in hosts with normal immune systems, it can resemble skin lesions associated with potentially life-threatening zoonotic infections such as tularemia, cutaneous anthrax, and erysipeloid (2); therefore, rapid and definitive diagnosis is critical.
Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae, a gram-positive bacillus found in fresh and salt water, causes erysipeloid, which is characterized by well-demarcated skin plaques.
Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) may present with unusual clinical variants such as acute paronychial, annular, palmoplantar, zosteriform, erysipeloid, lupoid and sporotrichoid.
17) Inflammatory carcinoma is characterized by erythema of the mammary skin with thickening, especially at the edge of the erysipeloid area.