Erythema Infectiosum


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Related to Erythema Infectiosum: roseola, roseola infantum, measles, erythema nodosum, erythema toxicum

Erythema Infectiosum

 

(also fifth disease), an infectious disease primarily of children between the ages of five and 12, characterized by an erythematous rash. The causative agent, which is unknown, presumably enters the body in droplets suspended in the air. The incubation period is one to two weeks. Red, raised, confluent spots appear on the cheeks. Eruptions then appear on the trunk and extensor surfaces of the limbs, where they coalesce to form indistinct erythema patches. They gradually disappear, leaving behind marmoreal markings after six to ten days. The patient’s general condition usually remains good.

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The most common clinical presentations of infection are fifth disease or erythema infectiosum, arthropathy and hydrops fetalis, which are found among immunocompetent hosts (2), (3), (38).
During a recent epidemic, I contracted a particularly bad case of erythema infectiosum, or fifth disease.
The symptoms vary from a minor illness, possibly with headache, mild fever and sore throat, to erythema infectiosum, which produces a rash on the cheeks - hence its name 'slapped cheek'.