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a genus of mainly trees and shrubs of the family Leguminosae. The stems and shoots are frequently covered with thorns; the leaves are trimerous. The large flowers are brilliantly colored—mainly bright red; they are gathered in inflorescences. There are about 100 species, distributed in the tropics and subtropics. Some species yield valuable wood, and some have edible parts (seeds, leaf buds, young flower buds). There are two cultivated species in the USSR. The genus includes the coral tree (E. corallodendron).