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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



the name for any of a group of diseases of humans manifested chiefly by an inflammatory reaction of the entire skin, including redness, edema, scaling, and itching. Primary erythrodermas occur as disease entities, for example, Ritter’s disease. Secondary erythrodermas develop along with existing skin diseases, such as eczema and psoriasis, or systemic diseases, for example, mycosis fungoides and blood diseases. The course of an erythroderma may be acute, subacute, or chronic.

Treatment is determined by the main cause. Desensitizing agents (calcium chloride, sodium thiosulfate) and antihistaminics (diphenyinhydramine hydrochloride, chloropyramine) are prescribed. Dietary restrictions are necessary.


Mnogotomnoe rukovodstvo po dermato-venerologii, vol. 3. Moscow, 1964.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In our study, most common aetiology of erythroderma was found to be Psoriatic erythroderma, all of them had preexisting psoriasis (Fig.
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Skin inflammation is a predominant feature of erythroderma, and rapid release of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-a) causes the flare.
He had generalized, scaly erythroderma (Figure 1, informed consent was taken from patient's legal guardians).
The differential diagnosis for erythroderma includes psoriasis, drug reaction, atopic dermatitis (AD), pityriasis rubra pilaris, and CTCL, with AD, drug eruption, and psoriasis being most common.
Congenital ichthyosiform erythroderma is often present at birth or shortly thereafter and manifests as generalized erythroderma and desquamation.
The rash often generalizes to become severe exfoliative dermatitis or erythroderma [1,2].
lymphomatous erythroderma. Analysis of programmed death-1 in patients with psoriatic arthritis.
The 3 major types of autosomal recessive congenital ichthyosis are Harlequin ichthyosis, lamellar ichthyosis, and congenital ichthyosiform erythroderma. Harlequin ichthyosis is the least common and most severe form.
The patient's skin biopsy findings (in particular, the alternating orthokeratosis/parakeratosis) were also supportive of the diagnosis and helpful to exclude other potential causes of erythroderma (described below).