Erythroxylum


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Related to Erythroxylum: Erythroxylum coca

Erythroxylum

 

(Erythroxylon), a genus of shrubs and small trees of the family Erythroxylaceae, comprising approximately 200 species distributed in the tropics and subtropics. The genus includes the coca (E. coca).

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Fresh adult leaves were utilized to evaluate the allelopathic effects of Erythroxylum rosuliferum O.
Erythroxylum (Erythroxylaceae) species are distributed in tropical regions of South America, Africa, and the island of Madagascar, being Brazil considered a center of diversity and endemism of the genus.
Eloria subapicalis (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae: Lymantriidae): rare and specialist species on Erythroxylum (Erythroxylaceae) in the cerrado.
Similar pH values were found by Maraschin-Silva and Aquila (2006a and b) when testing the extracts of Erythroxylum argentinum, Luehea divaricata, Myrsine guianensis and Ocotea puberula.
The genus Erythroxylum includes at least 230 species of coca that are distributed from Mexico and the Bahamas to north-west Argentina (Plowman 1979; Plowman & Hensold 2004).
The incubation chambers were covered by pilose material of a Cactaceae, feathers, dry fibers of Velloziaceae, and pilose material of a gall that develops in a shrub of Erythroxylum spp.
As especies consideradas raras na area (um individuo por hectare) representaram cerca de 9% do total de especies, sendo estas: Salacia crassifolia; Erythroxylum engleri; Guapira graciliflora; Virola sebifera; Guettarda viburnoides; Buchenavia tomentosa; Sorocea guilleminiana; Cheiloclinium cognatum e Licania humilis (Tabela 1).
rhombea (Myrtaceae) Red stopper Faramea occidentalis (Rubiaceae) False coffee Guettarda scabra (Rubiaceae) Wild guava Nectandra coriacea (Lauraceae) Lancewood Subtropical Dry Forest * Commelina erecta (Commelinaceae) Whitemouth dayflower Erythroxylum brevipes (Erythroxylaceae) Brisselet Gouania lupuloides (Rhamnaceae) Whiteroot Guettarda odorata (Rubiaceae) Cucubano de Vieques Pilosocereus royenii (Cactaceae) Royen's tree cactus Piscidia carthagenensis (Fabaceae) Stinkwood Plumeria alba (Apocynaceae) Nosegaytree Solanum polygamum (Solanaceae) Cakalaka berry Tillandsia recurvata (Bromeliaceae) Small ballmoss T.
1) ([section]) Erythroxylaceae (Coca Family) Erythroxylum confusum * Britton (3) Euphorbiaceae (Spurge Family) Cnidoscolus chayamense (1) = Jatropha integerrima (Jacq.