Erythroxylum


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Related to Erythroxylum: Erythroxylum coca
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Erythroxylum

 

(Erythroxylon), a genus of shrubs and small trees of the family Erythroxylaceae, comprising approximately 200 species distributed in the tropics and subtropics. The genus includes the coca (E. coca).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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When Erythroxylum species do share habitats, varieties can interbreed, at least with moderate success (i.e., var.
Durante el periodo Medio (Tiwanaku), Anadenanthera, Banisteriopsis y Erythroxylum pueden haberse usado con fines terapeuticos durante procesos de parto y primera infancia.
In the shrub layer, whose cover is high (50-80%), the subdominant species are yuraguana (Coccothrina fragans), cuabilla, carne de vaca (Maytenus buxifolia) and yarua de costa (Erythroxylum rotundifolium); and in the herbaceous layer (medium cover), the subdominant is the jiba.
Edge effect and phenology in Erythroxylum tortuosum (Erythroxylaceae), a typical plant of the Brazilian Cerrado.
A familia Erythrolylaceae foi sistematizada no projeto Flora da Serra do Cipo (PATRICIO e PIRANI, 2002), com base no referido levantamento esta representada naquela area por 9 especies do genero Erythroxylum, nao mencionando entretanto Erythroxylum pelleterianum A.St.-Hil., que certamente podera entao ser considerada uma nova especie listada para a flora da Serra do Cipo.
Fonseca et al, "Antinociceptive activity of the extract of Erythroxylum caatingae" Boletin Latinoamericano y del Caribe de Plantas Medicinales y Aromaticas, vol.
1991) exploraron innovativamente la posibilidad de aplicar estudios de radioimmuno assay a cabellos de momias, con miras a detectar presencia de metabolitos (benzoylecgonine) de las hojas de coca (Erythroxylum spp.).