Erythroxylum


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Related to Erythroxylum: Erythroxylum coca

Erythroxylum

 

(Erythroxylon), a genus of shrubs and small trees of the family Erythroxylaceae, comprising approximately 200 species distributed in the tropics and subtropics. The genus includes the coca (E. coca).

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When Erythroxylum species do share habitats, varieties can interbreed, at least with moderate success (i.e., var.
Durante el periodo Medio (Tiwanaku), Anadenanthera, Banisteriopsis y Erythroxylum pueden haberse usado con fines terapeuticos durante procesos de parto y primera infancia.
In the shrub layer, whose cover is high (50-80%), the subdominant species are yuraguana (Coccothrina fragans), cuabilla, carne de vaca (Maytenus buxifolia) and yarua de costa (Erythroxylum rotundifolium); and in the herbaceous layer (medium cover), the subdominant is the jiba.
Edge effect and phenology in Erythroxylum tortuosum (Erythroxylaceae), a typical plant of the Brazilian Cerrado.
A familia Erythrolylaceae foi sistematizada no projeto Flora da Serra do Cipo (PATRICIO e PIRANI, 2002), com base no referido levantamento esta representada naquela area por 9 especies do genero Erythroxylum, nao mencionando entretanto Erythroxylum pelleterianum A.St.-Hil., que certamente podera entao ser considerada uma nova especie listada para a flora da Serra do Cipo.
Fonseca et al, "Antinociceptive activity of the extract of Erythroxylum caatingae" Boletin Latinoamericano y del Caribe de Plantas Medicinales y Aromaticas, vol.
1991) exploraron innovativamente la posibilidad de aplicar estudios de radioimmuno assay a cabellos de momias, con miras a detectar presencia de metabolitos (benzoylecgonine) de las hojas de coca (Erythroxylum spp.).