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Eryx(ĕr`ĭks), ancient city, W Sicily, Italy. Long a source of conflict between Carthage and Syracuse, it was destroyed (c.260 B.C.) by the Carthaginians in the First Punic War. Its temple of Venus Erycina was an important religious shrine; the temple area was excavated in 1936. The most notable remains are Cyclopean walls, some with Phoenician inscriptions. The site is now occupied by the village of Erice.
a genus of snakes of the family Boidae. The body measures as much as 1 m in length. There are ten species, distributed in North Africa, southeastern Europe, and Southwest, Central, and Middle Asia. The USSR has four species, found in the Caucasus, Kazakhstan, and Middle Asia. The snakes feed on small vertebrates, suffocating the prey by coiling their bodies around it. They are ovoviviparous.