Erzgebirge


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Erzgebirge

(ĕrts`gəbĭr'gə) [Ger.,=ore mountains], Czech Krušné Hory, mountain range, along the Czech–German border, extending c.95 mi (150 km) from the Fichtelgebirge in the southwest to the Elbe River in the northeast. It reaches its highest point (4,080 ft/1,244 m) in Klínovec (Ger. Keilberg) in the Czech Republic. The Ohře and Bílina rivers drain most of the range. From the 14th cent. to the 19th cent. silver and iron were mined extensively in the Erzgebirge, notably at Jáchymov. The region no longer supports the mining of such ores as uranium, lead, tin, zinc, and copper, but coal and lignite mines are exploited. Air pollution has resulted in serious environmental problems, including the death of large areas of forest. The Erzgebirge has many famous mineral springs (notably at Karlovy VaryKarlovy Vary
, Ger. Karlsbad, city (1991 pop. 56,222), NW Czech Republic, in Bohemia, at the confluence of the Teplá and Ohře rivers. A famous health resort, Karlovy Vary is one of the best-known spas of Europe; its hot mineral water is taken particularly for
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 and Teplice-Šanov, in the Czech Republic) and is an important industrial area, particularly in the manufacture of chemicals, machinery, and textiles. Embroidering and toy making have long been traditional home industries. In 1938 the Czech part of the Erzgebirge was transferred to Germany by the Munich Pact. It was restored to Czechoslovakia in 1945.
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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Erzgebirge

 

(Ore Mountains; in Czech, Kruŝné Hory), a mountain range on the border between the German Democratic Republic and Czechoslovakia. The range is approximately 150 km long and rises to 1,244 m. The Erzgebirge are a typical horst, with steep southern and gentle northern slopes, and are composed of gneisses, granites, phyllites, and mica schists. The gently undulating peak plain with its individual basalt erosion remnants is covered with meadows and peat bogs and is cut deeply by wooded ravines. There are mixed forests on the slopes below 800–900 m. Deposits of tungsten, bismuth, zinc, and other metals give the range its name. The Erzgebirge have hot springs. The area is used for winter sports.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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