Erzgebirge


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Erzgebirge

(ĕrts`gəbĭr'gə) [Ger.,=ore mountains], Czech Krušné Hory, mountain range, along the Czech–German border, extending c.95 mi (150 km) from the Fichtelgebirge in the southwest to the Elbe River in the northeast. It reaches its highest point (4,080 ft/1,244 m) in Klínovec (Ger. Keilberg) in the Czech Republic. The Ohře and Bílina rivers drain most of the range. From the 14th cent. to the 19th cent. silver and iron were mined extensively in the Erzgebirge, notably at Jáchymov. The region no longer supports the mining of such ores as uranium, lead, tin, zinc, and copper, but coal and lignite mines are exploited. Air pollution has resulted in serious environmental problems, including the death of large areas of forest. The Erzgebirge has many famous mineral springs (notably at Karlovy VaryKarlovy Vary
, Ger. Karlsbad, city (1991 pop. 56,222), NW Czech Republic, in Bohemia, at the confluence of the Teplá and Ohře rivers. A famous health resort, Karlovy Vary is one of the best-known spas of Europe; its hot mineral water is taken particularly for
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 and Teplice-Šanov, in the Czech Republic) and is an important industrial area, particularly in the manufacture of chemicals, machinery, and textiles. Embroidering and toy making have long been traditional home industries. In 1938 the Czech part of the Erzgebirge was transferred to Germany by the Munich Pact. It was restored to Czechoslovakia in 1945.

Erzgebirge

 

(Ore Mountains; in Czech, Kruŝné Hory), a mountain range on the border between the German Democratic Republic and Czechoslovakia. The range is approximately 150 km long and rises to 1,244 m. The Erzgebirge are a typical horst, with steep southern and gentle northern slopes, and are composed of gneisses, granites, phyllites, and mica schists. The gently undulating peak plain with its individual basalt erosion remnants is covered with meadows and peat bogs and is cut deeply by wooded ravines. There are mixed forests on the slopes below 800–900 m. Deposits of tungsten, bismuth, zinc, and other metals give the range its name. The Erzgebirge have hot springs. The area is used for winter sports.

References in periodicals archive ?
Good to know: The Erzgebirge Toy Museum of Seiffen is open daily from 10:00-5:00.
SITA News also signed the Erzgebirge contract (4 years, [euro]26m) in Germany and renewed the Arnhem contract (6 years, [euro]28m) in the Netherlands.
0274% uranium), but some came later from Thuringia and Erzgebirge (Object Maltsev) [10].
Other clubs: Burnley, Bury, Viktoria Koln, BFC Preussen, FC Erzgebirge Aue, Ipswich, Sheffield Weds, Walsall, Nottm Forest, Peterborough, Port Vale, Wrexham.
Anthropologists and political scientists as well as sociologists explore the role of scientism in the secularization process in eastern Germany; secular rituals and political commemorations in the German Democratic Republic 1945-56; a comparison between the Catholic Eichsfeld region and the Protestant Erzgebirge to show the limits of politicization of the schools in the Republic; three Catholic case studies of positions and pathways of families within the religious field of East Germany; God, work, and world among Christians in Saxony; Jehovah's Witnesses in eastern Germany as an example of religious socialization in a secular environment; and young eastern Germans and the religious and ideological heritage of their parents and grandparents.
The most famous center of German woodcarving is Seiffen, a small village in the Erzgebirge Mountains southeast of Dresden.
Werling, born in Ludwigshafen, near Mannheim in the south of Germany, parted company with Erzgebirge, from the east of the country and playing in the equivalent of League I after relegation last season, after falling out of favour with their manager.
The excess lung cancer mortality rates of Erzgebirge miners was a myth based upon an invalid comparison: retired miners were compared with the rest of the population.
Under-15: Greenhill Boys 2, Elite Soccer 0; Under-16: Vereinigung Erzgebirge, USA 2, Knowsley Utd 1.
THE FIVE STATES of the former German Democratic Republic, extending from the Baltic Sea to the Erzgebirge (Ore Mountains) on the German-Czech border, harbor cultural treasures that have remained largely undiscovered by Germans and foreigners alike since reunification.
Focused ion beam technique and transmission electron microscope studies of microdiamonds from the Saxonian Erzgebirge, Germany.