Esaul

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Esaul

 

(from the Turkish iasaul, “head,” “chief”), a post and rank in prerevolutionary Russia in the cossack hosts after 1576. There were esaul generals and field, regimental, artillery, sotnia, stanitsa, and host esauly. From 1798 to 1800 the rank of esaul was made equivalent to the rank of cavalry captain (rotmistr).

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in classic literature ?
Beside Denisov rode an esaul,* Denisov's fellow worker, also in felt cloak and sheepskin cap, and riding a large sleek Don horse.
Esaul Lovayski the Third was a tall man as straight as an arrow, pale-faced, fair-haired, with narrow light eyes and with calm self-satisfaction in his face and bearing.
The esaul looked in the direction Denisov indicated.
But it is not presupposable that it is the lieutenant colonel himself," said the esaul, who was fond of using words the Cossacks did not know.
"There, they kept telling us: 'It's dangerous, it's dangerous,'" said the officer, addressing the esaul while Denisov was reading the dispatch.
"Michael Feoklitych," said he to the esaul, "this is again fwom that German, you know.
And Denisov told the esaul that the dispatch just delivered was a repetition of the German general's demand that he should join forces with him for an attack on the transport.
While Denisov was talking to the esaul, Petya- abashed by Denisov's cold tone and supposing that it was due to the condition of his trousers- furtively tried to pull them down under his greatcoat so that no one should notice it, while maintaining as martial an air as possible.
Denisov himself intended going with the esaul and Petya to the edge of the forest where it reached out to Shamshevo, to have a look at the part of the French bivouac they were to attack next day.
Denisov, Petya, and the esaul, accompanied by some Cossacks and the hussar who had the prisoner, rode to the left across a ravine to the edge of the forest.
Omar Esaul Serrano-Mota, Universidad de Guadalajara