Lafayette Escadrille

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Lafayette Escadrille

(lä'fēĕt`, lăf'ēĕt` ĕskədrĭl`), small group of American volunteer aviators in World War I, created (Apr., 1916) as Escadrille Américaine in the French air service. It was renamed the Lafayette Escadrille in December of the same year in honor of the French hero's service in the American Revolution, and the outfit saw much frontline action and suffered heavy casualties. In Jan., 1918, the Lafayette Escadrille was reorganized in the U.S. army as the 103d Pursuit Squadron.

Bibliography

See E. C. Parson's The Great Adventure (1937, repr. 1972 under the title I Flew with the Lafayette Escadrille); study by H. M. Mason (1964).

Lafayette Escadrille

American aviators assisting Allies in WWI. [Am. Hist.: Jameson, 273]
References in periodicals archive ?
Sometime later, however, the name was changed to Escadrille Lafayette at the suggestion of Dr.
On February 18, 1918, the Escadrille Lafayette became the 103d Pursuit Squadronof the United States Air Service.
They finally settled on a metaphoric reference to a French officer who had volunteered to fight for George Washington during the War for Independence, with the sobriquet Escadrille Lafayette.
In chapters 8 and 9, their training as pilots and the creation of what became the Escadrille Lafayette are described.
In general, the narrative of the creation of the Escadrille Lafayette, its operations in combat, and its very messy transfer to the US Army Air Service is well told.
The Escadrille Lafayette was transferred to the US Army on 14 February 1918.