Unfortunately, countries lack a shared framework for interpreting how counterspace and cyber attacks fit into an escalation ladder.
Rather, it would define a generic escalation ladder, a tacit or loosely defined code of conduct that would give decisionmakers a better sense of which actions and responses are expected and accepted in real-world scenarios and which would cross thresholds that escalate the situation.
Scholars, particularly in the United States, spent careers studying and theorizing about various aspects of the superpowers' military balance--first-strike stability, escalation ladders
, and conditions for deterrence failure.
However, if Vipin Narayan's remarks are to be taken seriously then it might not only be abandoning of NFU by India but doing away with the escalation ladder
leading to a strategic nuclear strike.
Too often, debates about nuclear weapons revolve around concepts of operationalising nuclear deterrence, escalation ladders
and flexible responses.